Disaster Management Act 2005 Current Affairs - 2019
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The Himachal Pradesh (HP) government has made it compulsory for trekkers to carry a GPS (Global Positioning System) device to tackle any exigency. This decision was taken at a review meeting on preparedness for the monsoon chaired by Shrikant Baldi, Additional Chief Secretary cum-Pr. Secretary to Jai Ram Thakur, Chief Minister, HP.
Need: Being a disaster-prone state, it is essential for Himachal Pradesh to pay special heed to disseminating weather advisories as well as installing early warning systems in state. It is also important to restrict trekking and other yatras undertaken in state during adverse weather.
Significance: Since it would be made mandatory for trekkers to carry a GPS device with them, they could now be provided all possible help in case of any emergency.
Early Warning Systems will soon be installated in Kullu district and Dalhousie town of state.
Towns of Rampur and Mandi have been zeroed in for setting up of relief and rescue base of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). NDRF is a specialised force constituted under the Disaster Management Act, 2005. It is responsible for purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster.
Facts about Himanchal Pradesh
Geography: It is bounded by Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) state to the north, China’s Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) to east, Uttarakhand to southeast, Haryana to its south, and Punjab to west.
It got the statehood on 25 January 1971, and became 18th state of the Indian Union.
Capitals: HP has two capitals, viz. Shimla and Dharamshala (Second Capital in Winter)
Earthquake Prone: According to BIS seismic zonation map, Himachal Pradesh falls in Zone IV (High Damage Risk Zone) and Zone V (seismically the most active region).
Tags: BIS Seismic Zonation Map • China’s Tibet Autonomous Region • Dalhousie • Dharamshala • Disaster Management Act 2005 • Early Warning Systems • GPS • GPS Device • Himachal Pradesh • Himachal Pradesh Trekking • Jai Ram Thakur • Jammu and Kashmir • National Disaster Response Force • NDRF • Shimla • Shrikant Baldi
Government has reconstituted the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) by nominating three new members.
3 new nominated members are:
- Dr D N Sharma- Director, Health Safety and Environment Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
- Kamal Kishore- Programme Advisor, UNDP, New York.
- Lt. Gen. N.C. Marwah.
National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
It is a statutory body under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). Its provisions are envisaged in Disaster Management Act, 2005. It was established in 2009.
Function: To coordinate the response to natural or man-made disasters and capacity-building in case of disaster resiliency and crisis response.
Structure: It is governed by a 9 member board chaired by the Prime Minister of India.
At present for its smooth functioning it consists of ten battalions of Central Armed Police Forces, including three each of the Border Security force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), and two each of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).