Disaster Resilient Infrastructure Current Affairs - 2019

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India to co-chair Consultative Group of GFDRR

India was unanimously chosen by member countries as next co-chair of Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) for fiscal year 2020. This decision was taken during Consultative Group meeting of GFDRR 2019 held from 13 May- 17 May in Geneva, Switzerland.

Key Highlights

  • About: The Consultative Group meeting held in Geneva was the 6thSession of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2019.
  • Co-Chair of 2019: The CG Meeting 2019 was co-chaired by the European Union (EU), Africa Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, and World Bank.
  • In addition to this, GFDRR in cooperation with UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and EU also organized 4thedition of World Reconstruction Conference (WRC) on May 13-14, 2019 in Geneva.
  • Participants: includes experts, policy makers, leaders, and practitioners from various government, international organizations, academia, private sector and NGOs from both developing and developed countries.
  • Significance: This is the first time that India has been given opportunity of co-chairing CG meeting of GFDRR.
  • Importance: Co-Chairing will give India an opportunity to work with other member countries and organizations of GFDRR. India can contribute with a focused contribution towards advancing disaster risk reduction (DRR) agenda during its term as co-chair.
  • Way Forward: India must pursue a focused agenda and develop synergies with currently ongoing work streams of GFDRR. As per India, Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (DRI) will be its central theme of engagement with GFDRR partners and stakeholders.

Background

  • In 2015, India became member of Consultative Group (CG) of GFDRR.
  • At the 5th session of GFDRR held in October 2018, India expressed its interest to co-chair the meet.
  • India’s candidature was backed by member countries because of India’s consistent progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and also various initiatives it has undertaken to form a coalition on disaster resilient infrastructure.

About GFDRR

  • It is a global partnership which helps developing countries to better understand and reduce their vulnerability to climate change and natural hazards.
  • It involves a grant-funding mechanism, which is managed by World Bank. This grant funding supports disaster risk management projects throughout the world.
  • At present it is working on ground with more than 400 international, national, local and regional partners. It provides funding, knowledge, and technical assistance to them.

About World Reconstruction Conference (WRC)

  • It is a global forum which provides a platform to assess, collect, and share experiences about disaster recovery and reconstruction and also to take forward the policy dialogue.
  • Theme for 4th edition of WRC was “ Inclusion for Resilient Recovery,”

International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure was organised at Delhi by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), and in partnership with the Global Commission on Adaptation, United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank.

International Agreement for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), 2015-2030

The agreement is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda which identifies investing in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for resilience and to build back better in reconstruction as priorities for action towards reducing disaster risk.

Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 9 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognizes disaster resilient infrastructure as a crucial driver of economic growth and development.

Objectives of the Workshop

  • Identify good practices of disaster risk management in key infrastructure sectors.
  • Identify specific areas and pathways for collaborative research on DRI (Transport, Energy, Telecom and Water).
  • Discuss and co-create the broad contours of the Coalition for Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) as well as a notional roll-out plan for the next three years.
  • Build a forum for members to work on areas of common interest and make specific commitments.

The workshop brought together countries from different parts of the world, multilateral development banks, UN agencies, academia and research institutions, the private sector, academics and policy think tanks to discuss and collaborate on promoting policies and practices towards achieving disaster resilience of large infrastructure systems.