Disaster Risk Management Current Affairs - 2020

UK confirmed as first co-chair to India led Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

The United Kingdom is to co-chair India led CDRI (Global Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure). The CDRI was established by PM Modi at the G20 meet held in 2017

What is CDRI?

Currently, there is no focus being provided to building disaster-resilient infrastructure. Currently, the focus is being provided only to natural disasters. Under this issue as base, the CDRI will aid in reshaping construction. It will aim in building strong climate resilient infrastructures that will reshape construction in core sectors such as energy, transportation, telecommunication and water.

Significance

According to Sendai Framework, 1 USD spent in disaster risk reduction is 7 USD gained. However, the developing countries are facing problems to balance economic investment and disaster resilient infrastructure. CDRI will help countries in solving these problems.

India as world leader

India is doing so well in preventing human deaths due to disasters. India’s measures to control Corona Virus says it all. For a country with second highest population in the world, the spread is 0.3% which is miniscule as compared to developed countries like USA, UK, France.

India is a world leader in adopting preventive measures to avoid human deaths due to disasters. India’s “Zero Casualty Approach” has gained several praises all over the world including United Nations.

UN Sasakawa Award 2019: Awarded to Pramod Kumar Mishra

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) conferred ‘Sasakawa Award 2019’ for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) to Pramod Kumar Mishra, Additional Principal Secretary to Prime Minister of India.

Key Facts

  • The Sasakawa Awardee was announced at recent Award Ceremony during 6th Session of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2019 held at Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Pramod Kumar Mishra was awarded in recognition of his dedication to improve resilience of communities most exposed to disasters and for his personal commitment to social inclusion, which as per him acts as a critical principle to reduce inequality and enhances safety net of socially and economically marginalized section of society.

About Sasakawa Award

  • It is the most prestigious international award in Disaster Risk Management (DRM) area.
  • It is jointly organized by United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and the Nippon Foundation.
  • Objective: It recognizes individuals, initiatives and organizations which have contributed towards ensuring inclusive participation in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities for all sections of society.
  • Prize: The Sasakawa Awardee (one or more winners) is given a total grant of US $50,000.
  • Background: In 1986 Mr. Ryoichi Sasakawa, the founding Chairman of Nippon Foundation, established following three prizes –
    • The United Nations (UN) Sasakawa Award for Disaster Reduction.
    • The World Health Organization (WHO) Sasakawa Health Prize.
    • The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Sasakawa Environment Prize.
  • Sasakawa Award 2019: For this year’s award UNDRR received more than 61 nominations from 31 countries. The theme of 2019 Sasakawa award was- “Building Inclusive and Resilient Societies”.

About GPDRR

  • It is a multi-stakeholder forum to review progress, share knowledge and discuss the latest developments and trends in reducing disaster risk.
  • It was established by the UN General Assembly (UNGA).
  • It a biennial meeting which takes place every two years.
  • It was first held in 2007. Its sixth session took place in Geneva, Switzerland from 13 May to 17 May, 2019.