Disaster Risk Reduction Current Affairs - 2019
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India was unanimously chosen by member countries as next co-chair of Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) for fiscal year 2020. This decision was taken during Consultative Group meeting of GFDRR 2019 held from 13 May- 17 May in Geneva, Switzerland.
- About: The Consultative Group meeting held in Geneva was the 6thSession of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2019.
- Co-Chair of 2019: The CG Meeting 2019 was co-chaired by the European Union (EU), Africa Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, and World Bank.
- In addition to this, GFDRR in cooperation with UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and EU also organized 4thedition of World Reconstruction Conference (WRC) on May 13-14, 2019 in Geneva.
- Participants: includes experts, policy makers, leaders, and practitioners from various government, international organizations, academia, private sector and NGOs from both developing and developed countries.
- Significance: This is the first time that India has been given opportunity of co-chairing CG meeting of GFDRR.
- Importance: Co-Chairing will give India an opportunity to work with other member countries and organizations of GFDRR. India can contribute with a focused contribution towards advancing disaster risk reduction (DRR) agenda during its term as co-chair.
- Way Forward: India must pursue a focused agenda and develop synergies with currently ongoing work streams of GFDRR. As per India, Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (DRI) will be its central theme of engagement with GFDRR partners and stakeholders.
- In 2015, India became member of Consultative Group (CG) of GFDRR.
- At the 5th session of GFDRR held in October 2018, India expressed its interest to co-chair the meet.
- India’s candidature was backed by member countries because of India’s consistent progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and also various initiatives it has undertaken to form a coalition on disaster resilient infrastructure.
- It is a global partnership which helps developing countries to better understand and reduce their vulnerability to climate change and natural hazards.
- It involves a grant-funding mechanism, which is managed by World Bank. This grant funding supports disaster risk management projects throughout the world.
- At present it is working on ground with more than 400 international, national, local and regional partners. It provides funding, knowledge, and technical assistance to them.
About World Reconstruction Conference (WRC)
- It is a global forum which provides a platform to assess, collect, and share experiences about disaster recovery and reconstruction and also to take forward the policy dialogue.
- Theme for 4th edition of WRC was “ Inclusion for Resilient Recovery,”
Tags: ACP • Africa Caribbean and Pacific • Climate Change • Consultative Group • Disaster Management • Disaster Resilient Infrastructure • Disaster Risk Reduction • European Union (EU) • Geneva • GFDRR • Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery • Group of States • India 2020 • Switzerland • UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction • UNDRR • World Bank • World Reconstruction Conference
5th Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) Media Summit on Climate Action and Disaster Preparedness began from 25- 26 April 2019 in Kathmandu, Nepal. It was attended by more than 200 participants including political leaders, UN agencies representatives, NGOs, Experts of climate change and disaster management, scientists and media persons.
- It objective was to address issue of fully utilizing media’s potential of accelerating climate action and disaster preparedness and connect stakeholders to media professionals for collaboration and joint practical projects.
- Theme was “Media Solutions for Sustainable Future: Saving Lives, Building Resilient Communities”.
- Kathmandu Media Action Plan for Media Integration in Climate Action and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) was adopted at summit.
- It also included a comprehensive session on Sendai Framework for DRR,
The Kathmandu Media Action Plan
It will be included in Global Platform for DRR to be held in Geneva, 15 – 17 May 2019. It lists concrete steps for fully involving media in saving lives and livelihoods. It recommends comprehensive investment in broadcaster networks to make them resilient to hazards, and capacity building so that journalists will be able to prepare their audiences for future disasters.
Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU)
It is a non-profit, non-governmental, non- political, professional association of broadcasting organisations, which assist development of broadcasting in region. It was established in 1964, and has Secretariat in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. With over 272 member in 76 countries on four continents, ABU is biggest broadcasting union in the world. By its member’s network, ABU can reach 3 billion people across the Asia Pacific region. ABU is also member of the World Broadcasters’ Union.