Diseases Current Affairs - 2019

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National Health Profile 2019 Released

The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare released the 14th National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 on October 30, 2019. The NHP is prepared by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI). It was first published in 2005.

Significance

  • The Data is important in understanding the needs and issues of the population
  • Also, it helps in understanding the goals, their strengths and weaknesses
  • The NHP highlights major indicators as follows
    • The Socio-Economic Indicators-Education, Employment, Housing, Amenities, sanitation and drinking water
    • Demographic indicator-Population and vital statistics
    • Health Status Indicators-Prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases

Highlights

  • Life Expectancy in India has increased from 49.7 years in 1970-75 to 68.7 years in 2012-16. Life Expectancy of females is 70.2 years and males is 67.4 years
  • Out of 6.51 crore people who attended Non-communicable Diseases clinics, 4.75% were diagnosed with diabetes, 0.3% were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, 6.19% were diagnosed with hyper tension and 0.26% were diagnosed with common cancers.
  • Highest population Density was reported in Delhi with 11,320 people per square km and the lowest population Density was reported in Arunachal Pradesh with 17 people per square km.
  • The Infant Mortality Rate has declined considerably. It was 33 per 1000 live births in 2016. It is now 37 in rural and 23 in urban
  • The Total Fertility Rate was 1.8 in 2016 and has increased to 2.3 in rural and 2.5 in urban
  • Dengue and Chikungunya are a great cause of concern to public health
  • There has been consistent decrease in birth rate, death rate and natural growth rate in the country from 1991 to 2017. India in 2017 registered a birth rate of 20.2 per 1000 population, death rate of 63 and natural growth rate was 13.9 per 1000 population

US $13.92 billion raised for next 3 years to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

Donors from across the world including governments, philanthropists and private firms have pledged just over $14 billion for the next three years to save 16 million lives and help end AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria by 2030. It was promised at the Sixth Replenishment Conference of Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria (GFTAM) held in Lyon, France.

Key Donors

United States will provide $1.56 billion a year, maintaining more than 30% of all contributions. France has pledged to provide $1.29 billion. India also has announced contribution of $22 million, an increase of 10% over the earlier amount contributed in 5th cycle. Private donors also pledged more than $1 billion. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has pledged to provide $760 million, (RED) has pledged US$150 million.

About Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

It was created in 2002 to raise, manage and invest the world’s money to respond to three of the deadliest infectious diseases the world has ever known viz. AIDS, TB and malaria. It aims to attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to support attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the United Nations. Its secretariat are in Geneva, Switzerland.

Note: GFTAM is financing mechanism rather than implementing agency. It is also the world’s largest financier of AIDS, TB, and malaria prevention, treatment, and care programs.