Diseases Current Affairs

Government launches National Strategic Plan 2017-24 and Mission SAMPARK

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the National Strategic Plan 2017-24 aimed at eradicating HIV/AIDS by 2030. It was launched on the occasion of World AIDS Day (1st December).

Mission SAMPARK was also launched to trace those who are Left to Follow Up and are to be brought under Antiretroviral therapy (ART) services.

Key Facts

The National Strategic Plan 2017-24 will pave a roadmap not only for achieving the target of 90:90:90 Strategy but also strive along with partners towards fast track strategy of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

Mission SAMPARK will further aid to will help in fast-tracking the identification of all who were HIV positive and subsequently linking to ART programme. Presently, about 11.5 lakh People Living with HIV (PLHIVs) are taking free ART through 536 ART centres in the country. It is big challenge to trace those who are Left to Follow Up and needed to be brought under ART services.

90:90:90 Strategy

It is a new HIV treatment narrative of UNAIDS programme which has set targets of 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status (90% diagnosed), 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy (90% on HIV treatment) and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression (90% suppressed).

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December 1: World AIDS Day

The World AIDS Day is celebrated every year all over the world on December 1 to raise the public awareness about Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It also seeks to remember those who have died of the disease by mourning.

The theme selected by World Health Organization (WHO) for year 2017 is ‘Right to health‘. Under it, WHO will highlight need for 36.7 million people living with HIV and those who are vulnerable and affected by the epidemic, to reach the goal of universal health coverage.

Besides, WHO under slogan “Everybody counts” will advocate for access to safe, effective, quality and affordable medicines, including diagnostics and other health commodities. It will also ensure health care services for all people in need and that they are protected against financial risks.

Background

The World Health Organization (WHO) had designated 1st December as World AIDS Day in 1987. Since then it is observed annually. It is one of the eight official global public health campaigns marked by the WHO.

HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS is a pandemic disease caused due to the infection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).  HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. If untreated, person’s immune system will eventually be completely destroyed. AIDS refers to set of symptoms and illnesses that occur at very final stage of HIV infection.

Common reasons for getting infected with AIDS

  • Unprotected sex with an infected person.
  • During pregnancy from mother to child or even breastfeeding.
  • Through transfusion of blood.
  • Using of hypodermic needles of infected person to other person.

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