Diseases Current Affairs - 2020

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

COVID-19: World Bank offers 1 billion USD for India’ Emergency Response Project

On April 1, 2020, the World Bank announced that it is to offer 1 billion USD to Government of India to implement Covid-19 Emergency Response and Health Systems preparedness project.

About the Project

The project is being launched by India in order to mitigate the threats created by the virus. It will strengthen the national system and keep up public health preparedness in the country.

The project is to run for 4 years. The funding of the project is to come from the World Bank’s COVID-19 Fast Track facility.

Key Features of the Project

The project is to measure progress of key indicators of containment of COVID-19 cases. This includes proportion of laboratory confirmed cases, responses to collected samples within time frame of 48 hours, conducting tests within WHO stipulated standard time to determine COVID-19, etc.

The Project document says that GoI has assessed that the outbreak of the virus is to continue in the coming years. Therefore, it is necessary to work on a long-term strategy to tackle the next wave of the disease.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App

Mutation and Pangolins main source of COVID-19

According to a research published in the journal “Pathogen”, virus jumped to humans from Pangolins. Also, mutation was the main reason for the virus to target human cells so easily and hence leads to fast spread of the virus.

Highlights

The study has found that the virus has jumped to humans from Pangolins. Pangolins are the most trafficked animals in China. They are traded for their medicinal values. The initial cases of the virus were reported to have originated from the Hunan market of Wuhan city where illegal trade of Pangolins is common. Wuhan was the epicenter of the COVID-19 outbreak.

How does the Virus enter Human Cells?

The COVID-19 virus has a spike protein. These proteins contain Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) that facilitates the entry of the virus. The RBD binds with the angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) found in lungs, heart, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract.

Mutation

The researchers say that COVID-19 is a mutated version of SARS virus that created an epidemic in 2002-03. Also, the mutation increased their ability to get bonded to ACE-2 enzymes.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App