Diseases Current Affairs - 2020

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Corona Virus Vaccine: UK starts testing on Mice; WHO says vaccine to be ready in 18 months

The scientists in UK have tested a new Corona Virus vaccine. The Shanghai University of China has also extracted a vaccine to treat the virus and has injected in to a mice recently.

The World Health Organization has also announced that the vaccine will be ready in 18 months. WHO recently named the virus as COVID-19.

Highlights

On February 10, 2020, WHO announced that the death toll of the corona virus has reached 1,000 and 99% of the deaths were from China. There are more than 43,000 cases in China currently.

About Corona Virus

The Corona Viruses are divided into 4 genera namely alpha, beta, gamma and delta. They are zoonotic. This means they can spread between animals and humans. Out of these, gamma and delta corona viruses generally infect birds. Alpha and Beta viruses reside in mammals.

Viruses are capable of infecting all forms of life. It includes plants, other micro organisms including bacteria, single celled organisms called archaea. The first virus was identified by Dmitri Ivanovsky in 1892. He described it as a non-bacterial pathogen.

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WHO names the new Corona Virus: “COVID-19”

On February 11, 2020, the World Health Organization announced a new name for the Corona Virus, “COVID-19”. Today more than 42,000 are infected with the virus according to the organization.

Highlights

WHO has chosen the name with no reference to geographical location. According to WHO, the name was chosen in such away that it does not affect normal lives of a country.

MERS

MERS is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. It is a deadly Corona Virus strain that was first reported in Saudi Arabia and created havoc in China greatly. However, the name of the virus has created a fact that there is something about the middle east region that causes MERS viral infection.

H1NI

In 2009, swine flu created pandemic. It has now been renamed to H1N1 as its strain was similar to that of the influenza virus. The influenza virus is known to circulate among pigs. Though there was no evidence that H1N1 circulates in a similar way, it affected the sales of pork greatly that year. Therefore, it is important for WHO to choose the name of the viruses very carefully.

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