dispute resolution Current Affairs - 2020

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Ladakh and J&K to come under Central Administrative Tribunal

On February 17, the Minister of State in the PMO (Prime Minister Office) announced that the Union Territory of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir are to be brought under the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT). The announcement was made by the Minister at the annual Conference of the tribunal.


The CAT has so far had its jurisdiction only over the central services of Jammu and Kashmir. Till the GoI sets up a CAT exclusively for J&K, the Chandigarh bench is to serve the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

What is Central Administrative Tribunal?

The Central Jurisdiction Tribunal was established through 42nd amendment of Constitution. It works towards adjudicating (judging) disputes that arise in case of recruitment or service of persons in public services.

The provisions of CAT is not applicable to armed forces, Supreme Court employees, members of Paramilitary forces and the staffs of Secretariats.

The provisions of CAT are included in Article 323A. Under the article, the GoI has powers to establish administrative tribunals to solve the disputes.

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Cabinet approves changes in Vivad Se Vishwas bill, 2020

The Vivad se Vishwas Scheme was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman during the Budget 2020-21. On February 12, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved to make required changes in the Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020 in order to widen its cover over litigation pending in debt recovery tribunal.


The amendment has been introduced in order to widen the scope of the scheme in debt recovery tribunal.

About the Scheme

The scheme focuses on tax payers whose tax demands are locked in multiple disputes. It is similar to the Indirect Tax Sabka Vishwas Scheme.

The scheme aims to resolve 483,000 direct tax dispute cases that are pending in various appellate. The scheme aims to release 9 lakh crore direct taxes that are locked up in litigation.

Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020

The bill introduces a resolution mechanism through which an appellant can file a declaration. The authority (resolution mechanism implementer) will determine the amount payable within 15 days of the receipt of declaration.


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