District Collectors Current Affairs - 2020

National Corona Survey conducted in 410 districts

On April 2, 2020, the Union Minister Jitendra Sigh released National Preparedness Survey on COVID-19. The survey was conducted in 410 districts in 3 working days.

Objective of the survey

The survey was conducted in order to achieve the following

  • To develop comparative analysis on the steps taken by the states
  • To capture process related deficiencies in the current actions taken by GoI to combat the virus
  • To identify the priorities and constraints in the preparedness of COVID-19 fight.

Key Highlights of the survey

The survey was conducted by distributing questionnaire to district magistrates/collectors. They were asked to register into portals and submit replies. The findings of the survey are as follows

  • The people’s awareness about the virus has increased
  • 75% said people are taking precautions
  • 69% said that the lock down is being handled in a peaceful way
  • Only 50% agreed on the adequacy of availability of beds

The main concern of the survey was the non-availability of adequate ventilator machines.

What is the difference between lockdown, Curfew and Section 144?

With COVID-19 spreading in India, GoI has ruled curfew in some areas, Section-144 in some other areas and lock down in many other areas. These measures are being done to contain the spread of the virus.

Lock Down

The action is called Lock Down when there are restrictions on assembly. However, essential services are available in these situations. The Lock Down shall be enforced by a collector or the chief medical officer. The chief Medical Officer shall enforce Lock Down according to Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897. With Lock Down being imposed five or more people are not allowed to assemble.

During Lock Down, the police has rights to arrest person and book him under Section 271 when he tries to escape from quarantine.

Section 144

The action is called Section 144, when the assembly of people are prohibited abiding to Indian Penal Code. Under Section 144, more than 5 people are not allowed to assemble.

Curfew

The action is called Curfew when Section 144 is imposed along with the shutdown of essential services. The Curfew powers lies with Collector and Police Commissioner.