Diu Current Affairs - 2019
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Diu Smart City has become first city in India to run on 100% renewable energy during daytime. With this, it has set new benchmark for other cities to become clean and green.
Diu was importing 73% of its power from Gujarat until last year. But now it has adopted two-pronged approach to reduce dependence on Gujarat for power requirements through renewable energy.
The two approaches include 9 MW solar park spread over 50 hectares rocky barren land and installing of solar panels on roof tops on 79 government buildings thereby generating 1.3 MW annually. To further enhance its solar capacity, Diu has been offering its residents subsidy of Rs 10, 000 to Rs. 50,000 for installing 1-5KW roof top solar panels.
With these renewable energy initiatives, the UT has been saving about 13,000 tonnes of carbon emissions every year. Moreover, due to low-cost solar energy, power tariffs have been cut by 10% in 2017 and 15% in 2018 in residential category.
Diu has become the first and only Union Territory in the country to be fully run on solar energy. The UT generates total of 13 megawatts (MW) of electricity from solar power generating facilities daily. Of this, 3 MW is generated by rooftop solar plants and 10 MW by its other solar power plants.
Diu’s peak-time demand for electricity goes up to 7 MW and now it daily generates about 10.5 MW of electricity from solar energy, making it electricity surplus. Despite scarcity of land, solar power plants have been installed over more than 50 acres. The solar power also has come as big relief for local residents as their monthly bill charges have fallen by around 12%. It also has significantly reduced electricity loss.
Diu has an area of just 42 square kilometres and population of 56,000. For water and electricity, the Union territory was solely dependent on Gujarat government. The electricity supplied from power grid owned by Gujarat government was causing huge line losses. To overcome this limitation, UT’s administration has decided to set up solar power plants.