Donald Trump Current Affairs - 2020
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The United States under President Donald Trump administration has announced its withdrawal from United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) terming it hypocritical and self-serving. It has blamed UNHRC for bias against Israel and refusing to eject members who are violators of human rights.
US had opted to stay out of UNHRC before also: The George W. Bush administration had opted against seeking membership when the council was created in 2006. US joined the council only in 2009 under President Barack Obama.
US withdrawal from UNHRC citing for its chronic bias against Israel could reinforce perception that Trump administration is seeking to advance Israel’s agenda on world stage. Israel has been only country in the world whose human rights record comes up for discussion at every UNHRC session, under “Item 7” on the agenda. Item 7 on “Israel and Occupied Palestinian Territories” has been part of UNHRC’s regular business almost as long as it has existed. Moreover, with US withdraw, the council will be left without one of its traditional defenders of human rights. In recent months, US has participated in attempts to pinpoint human rights violations in places like South Sudan, Congo and Cambodia.
Since President Donald Trump took office in January 2017, US has announced its withdrawal from UN-backed 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, left UN educational and cultural organization and pulled out of Iran nuclear deal (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action). Other contentious moves taken by Trumph administration are slapping tariffs on steel and aluminum against its key trading partners, recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and moving US Embassy there from Tel Aviv.
United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)
UNHRC is an inter-governmental body within United Nations system. It is responsible for strengthening promotion and protection of human rights around globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them.
It was created by UNGA on 15 March 2006 by adopting resolution 60/251 to promote human rights globally. It had replaced former UN Commission on Human Rights. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
Members: UNHRC is made up of 47 UN member states which are elected by UN General Assembly (UNGA) with specific number of seats allocated for each region of the globe. Members serve for three-year terms and can serve only two terms in a row.
Functions: Members of the council work to engage countries on improving human rights. They make decisions ranging from exposing violations to recommending that UN Security Council make referral to International Criminal Court (ICC). UNJRC does not have authority to take action but can exert significant pressure on violating country. It can also set up special rapporteurs with mandate to investigate and report human-rights violations and abuses.
Tags: Donald Trump • Interntional • Israel • UNHRC • United Nations Human Rights Council
India has dragged United States (US) to World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) Dispute Settlement Mechanism over imposition of import duties on steel and aluminium. India stated that decision will of imposition of import duties impact its exports of these products to US and is not in compliance with global trade norms.
India has sought consultations with US as first step of dispute settlement process under the WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism. If the two nations are not able to reach mutually agreed solution through consultation, India may request for WTO dispute settlement panel to review matter.
In March 2018, US President Donald Trump had imposed heavy import tariffs on imported steel and aluminium items, a move that has sparked fears of global trade war. He had signed two proclamations that levied 25% tariff on steel and 10% tariff on aluminium imported from all countries except Canada and Mexico. India had sought exemptions from the hefty tariffs. US decision had not only impacted India’s export of these goods but also affected global trade. India’s exports of steel and aluminium products to US stood at about US $1.5 billion every year. India and US are already involved in disputes at WTO, a global trade body. The disputes are in the areas of poultry, solar and steel. US recently had filed dispute against India on export incentives alleging these support measures harm its workers by creating an uneven playing field.