Doping Current Affairs - 2019
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India was ranked third for the third year in a row in a doping violation report published by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) for 2015.
In 2015, 117 Indian athletes were punished after testing positive for banned substances. India followed the Russian Federation (176) and Italy (129), the same position as in the reports of 2013 and 2014.
The chart was prepared by WADA after compiling information of analytical findings and sanctions rendered till January 31, 2017 by various accredited anti-doping bodies. It was the first set of Anti-Doping Rule Violation statistics under the revised WADA Code and third such report in its history since 2013.
- ADRV is a doping offence committed by an athlete or athlete support person, resulting in certain consequences or sanctions. It is derived from adverse analytical findings (AAFs) (known as ‘positive’ results).
- A total of 229,412 samples were received and analysed in 2015 by WADA-accredited laboratories worldwide.
- Out of these, 2,522 samples were reported as AAFs. The dope offenders belong to 80 sports and 121 nationalities.
- There were a total of 1,929 ADRVs (1,901 from athletes and 28 from athlete support personnel) out of which 1,649 are analytical findings and 280 from ‘evidence based intelligence’ non analytical findings.
- Out of 1649 are Analytical ADRVs, 1304 cases (79%) were of male and 345 female (21%); 390 (24%) were from out of competition tests and 1259 in competition (76%); 1644 urine and five blood.
- Among sports disciplines worldwide, bodybuilding has overtaken athletics in contributing the highest number of dope cheats with 270 such cases.
- Athletics is second at 242, followed by weightlifting (239), cycling (200), powerlifting (110), football (108), rugby union (80), boxing (66), wrestling (57) and basketball (39).
- India related facts: The number of dope offenders from India has been increasing in the last three years. India had 91 and 96 Anti-doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) in 2013 and 2014 respectively.
- Of the 117 Indian offenders of 2015, two were non-analytical ADRVs case. Out of the remaining 115 analytical ADRVs, 78 are committed by male athletes and 37 were female.
- Among individual sports, weightlifting has reported highest positive doping tests with a whopping 56 Indian lifters (32 male and 24 female) punished for doping.
- Athletics contributed second highest number of dope offenders with 21 (14 male and 7 female), followed by boxing (8), wrestling (8), cycling (4), kabaddi (4), aquatics (3), powerlifting (3), Judo (2), wushu (2), rowing, hockey (1), football (1) , bodybuilding (1) and street and ball hockey (1).
About World Anti-Doping Agency
- WADA is global Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) that aims at harmonizing anti-doping regulations in all sports and countries. It is collective initiative led by the International Olympic Committee.
- It was established in 1999 in Lausanne Switzerland under so called Declaration of Lausanne to coordinate, promote and monitor the fight against drugs in sports. Its headquarters is in Montreal, Canada.
Indian wrestler Narsingh Yadav was banned from all competitive sporting events for four years by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) based in Lausanne, Switzerland.
He was banned by CAS following an appeal by World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) as there was no evidence to accept his claim that his food was spiked by banned doping substance.
With CAS ruling, Yadav’s suspension begins immediately and he will not be able to participate in the 2016 Rio Olympics. He had qualified for the 2016 Rio Olympics in the 74 category of freestyle wrestling event.
- In July 2016, Narsingh Yadav had tested positive for banned substance steroid in an out-of-competition test conducted by the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA).
- He had tested positive for methandienone, a banned anabolic steroid which increases protein synthesis, muscle strength and glycogenolysis over a short space of time.
- In August 2016 he was given clean chit by NADA by accepted his claim of sabotage in doping case.
- However, WADA had filed an urgent application before the CAS ad hoc Division to challenge the decision of NADA.
About Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)
- CAS is an international quasi-judicial body established to settle disputes related to sport through arbitration.
- Its Headquarter is located in Lausanne (Switzerland). Its courts are located in New York, Sydney and Lausanne.
- According to rule 61 of the Olympic Charter, all disputes in connection with the Olympic Games can only be submitted to CAS.
- Since 2016, an anti-doping division of CAS was given full authority to judge doping cases at the Olympic Games. It had replaced earlier mechanism of the IOC disciplinary commission.