Doubling Farmers’ Income Current Affairs - 2020

Gujarat to import water soluble fertilizers from China

The Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation (GAIC) will import water-soluble fertilizers from China. So far, the state agency has imported 300 tonnes.

Highlights

The GAIC agency will import, pack and sell the water-soluble fertilizers to farmers. The new fertilizers have been named AGRO. These fertilizers are best suited for precision agriculture. As Gujarat has a good land area under drip irrigation, the fertilizers are being distributed at the right time. Gujarat has the maximum land under drip irrigation of all the states in the country.

The fertilizers are to be used to produce fruits and vegetables that will match global standards. The step will also aid in achieving GoI’s target of doubling farmer’s income by 2022.

Precision Agriculture

Precision agriculture is the farming management concept that uses inputs such as pesticides, nutrients, water and seeds in a strategic way. In other words, the inputs are used at minimal amount to get maximum output.

GAIC

GAIC acts as a catalyst in implementing government schemes to boost agro products. The Ministry of Agriculture has appointed GAIC as the nodal agency to implement its schemes in the state of Gujarat.

It works to reduce agro product wastage, increase farmers’ returns, enhance productivity of crops, accelerates demand based agricultural production.

The Pulses Conclave 2020 to be held in Lonavala, Maharashtra

The fifth Pulses Conclave 2020 is to be held in Lonavala, Maharashtra between February 12, 2020 and February 14, 2020. It is a biennial conference.

Highlights

The India Pulses and Grain Association will host the Conclave. Around 1500 stakeholders from India and other countries are expected to participate in the conference. It includes Australia, USA, Myanmar, Canada, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, etc. The conference aims at increasing exports, processing efficiencies, protein extraction, value addition and post-harvest management.

Significance

The production of pulses of pulses has been steadily growing. In 2013-14, production of pulses was around 19 million tonnes and it increased to 26.30 million tonnes in 2018-19. According to APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority), in 2018-19, India exported pulses for 242.6 million USD.

With India moving towards nutritious food production from self-sufficient food production, area under pulses production has been increased. Today, around 20% of area of agriculture contributes to pulses. MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, UP and Karnataka are the leading pulses producing states in India.

The conference will help in achieving India’s goal of doubling farmer income by 2022.

Pulses in India

India is the largest producer of pulses in the world. It accounts to around 25% of global production. Also, India is the largest consumer of pulses. It consumes 27% of world pulses. And India is also the largest importer of pulses. India imports 14% of pulses in the world.

Pulses are significant in the country as they contribute to good consumer health as they are rich in proteins.

Also, pulses increase soil health and hence are used as annual leguminous crops.