Down Syndrome Current Affairs - 2019
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March 21 was celebrated as World Down Syndrome Day. The theme of the 2019 World Down Syndrome Day is “Leave no one behind”.
Down Syndrome is a genetic disorder which results in delayed physical and mental growth in individuals. The genetic disorder has been named after British doctor John Langdon Down who fully described the syndrome in 1866.
In normal conditions, people have only two copies of Chromosome 21 whereas those with Down’s syndrome there is a presence of a part or full of the third copy of chromosome 21.
Even though Down’s Syndrome is incurable, the quality of life of those suffering could be considerably improved by giving proper medical support and education.
World Down Syndrome Day
21 March is observed as World Syndrome Day to increase global awareness about the syndrome by the United Nations since 2012. Since then March 21st is celebrated as World Down Syndrome Day by the governments, organisations and individuals to extend support to those suffering from Down’s Syndrome.
Why March 21st?
March 21st is the 21st day of third month. March 21st was chosen to signify uniqueness of the triplication of the 21st chromosome which causes Down syndrome.
The National Conference on Down Syndrome was held in New Delhi. It was organised by the National Trust under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition associated with intellectual and learning disabilities. It leads to delayed development and behavioural problems in children suffering with it.
The objective of conference was to provide excellent opportunities to parents to obtain information about latest development in education and skilling and inclusive living of persons with Down Syndrome. The conference brought intellectuals from all walks of life on one platform to spur ideas and channelized knowledge on Down Syndrome which was very beneficial to enable a positive change in people with Down Syndrome.
It is statutory body under Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Divyangjan), Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. It is headquartered in New Delhi. Its mandate is to discharge two basic duties – legal and welfare for persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.
It fundamental purpose is to create enabling environment, i.e. provide opportunities for Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) through comprehensive support systems which will lead towards development of inclusive society.
It has been running various schemes and programmes for welfare of PwDs. Its major activity is to create awareness amongst general public by organizing various workshops, seminars and conferences on these disabilities and the capabilities of such persons.
- Enable and empower PwD to live as independently and fully as possible within and close to their community as possible.
- Facilitate realisation of equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation of persons with disability.
- Extend support to its registered organisations to provide need based services.
- Evolve procedures for appointments of guardians and trustees for persons with disabilities.