Dr Abdul Kalam Island Current Affairs - 2019
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India has successfully test-fired nuclear-capable long-range ballistic missile Agni-IV from the Dr Abdul Kalam Island in Odhisa. It was the 7th trial of Agni-IV missile. DRDO had positioned Radars and electro-optical systems along the coast of Odisha for tracking and monitoring all parameters of the missile and two naval ships were anchored near the target area to witness the final event.
The strategic surface-to-surface missile has a strike range of 4,000 km. The indigenously developed Agni IV is a two-stage missile and is 20 meters long with a weight of 17 tonnes.
Agni IV is equipped with advanced Avionics, 5th generation On Board Computer and distributed architecture to provide a high level of reliability and precision.
Agni IV is also equipped with accurate Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS) which is supported by highly reliable redundant Micro Navigation System (MINGS) to ensure the vehicle reaches the target with accuracy.
The re-entry heat shield of Agni IV can withstand temperatures in the range of 4000 degrees centigrade and also makes sure avionics function normally with the inside temperature remaining less than 50 degrees centigrade.
About Dr Abdul Kalam Island
Dr Abdul Kalam Island, formerly known as Wheeler Island, is an island off the coast of Odisha. The Island was originally named after English commandant Lieutenant Wheeler and it was renamed after the late Indian president, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam who is also referred as Missile Man of India on 4 September 2015.
The Indian Integrated Test Range missile testing facility is located on the Dr Abdul Kalam Island. Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary is also located close to Dr Abdul Kalam Island Island.
Indigenously developed short-range nuclear capable ballistic Agni-1 was successfully test-fired from mobile launcher located at Integrated Test Range of Dr Abdul Kalam Island (Wheeler Island) off the Odisha.
The missile was tested as part of a periodic training activity by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian Army to consolidate operational readiness. It is claimed to be part of India’s minimum credible deterrence under No first to use policy.
Agni-1 is indigenously developed intermediate range surface-to-surface, single-stage missile. It was developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) in collaboration with Defence Research Development Laboratory (DRDL) and Research Centre Imarat (RCI). ASL is the premier missile development laboratory of DRDO.
The missile weighs around 12 tonnes and is propelled by a solid rocket propellant system. It is 15-metre-long and can carry both conventional as well as nuclear payloads (warheads) up to 1,000 kg. It has strike range of over 700 km. It is equipped with specialised navigation system that ensures it reaches target with high degree of precision.
The missile already has been inducted into the armed forces (service) in 2004. It has proved its performance in terms of range, accuracy and lethality. The last trial of missile was successfully conducted in November 2016 from the same base.