Drainage Infrastructure Current Affairs - 2020

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GoI flagship scheme, AMRUT extended by 2 years

On December 18, 2019, the Government of India extended the deadline of its flagship scheme AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation) by two more years. The mission was launched in 2015 by PM Modi promising 139 lakh water connections and 145 lakh sewer connections by March 2020. The expenditure of the mission was estimated as Rs 77,640 crores.

Highlights

According to Data Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, in the last five years 2,316 projects have been completed so far at an expense of Rs 7,195 crore. The ministry also says that 46% of water connection and 28.3% of sewer connections have been achieved between June 2015 and December 2019. GoI has so far implemented the mission, prioritizing water connections to households.

AMRUT scheme

After its launch, Rajasthan was the first state to submit its State Annual Action Plan (SAAP). The plan is submitted by the state governments to the centre. With the help of the plan the centre formulates city level estimation of budget required to avail water supply, draining system, sewerages, digital and internet facilities, industrial and transport facilities, etc.

The SAAP was submitted by West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh (for Amaravati project that was closed recently), Haryana, Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana.

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Sulabh International introduces India’s first sewer cleaning machine to end unsafe manual scavenging

Sulabh International has introduced India’s first sewer cleaning machine to reduce sewer deaths and put end to unsafe practice of manual scavenging. The machine was unveiled on occasion of World Toilet Day 2018 (observed on 19 November) by mayors of all three Municipal Corporations of Delhi (MCD) in the presence founder of Sulabh International Bindeshwar Pathak.

Sulabh sewer cleaning machine

The machine will do away with 99% of manual scavenging in the country. With help of it manual cleaner (safai karamchari) does not have to enter sewers. But if need arises and person has to go, then machine is fully equipped with gas checking machine, protective gears and dress to protect workers from harmful gases.

It is electro-hydraulically operated, with personal protective devices and quick-view pipe inspection camera which extends up to 20 feet. The quick-view pipe view camera is designed to felicitate inspection of sewer, manholes, tunnels, tanks, mainline and other lateral pipeline facilities with outstanding zoom function (industrial HD camera), scalable carbon fibre rods and sunlight presentable controller.

The new machine which costs Rs. 43 lakh is ideal for periodic mechanical desilting of manholes and to flush out sewer lines using powerful jetting pump capable of producing 150 bar operating pressure and flow of 150 litres per minute. It is also capable of de-choking sewer lines using specially designed flexible steel rods. The machine will ensure that no safai karamchari dies inside the sewer and will bring huge relief to manual scavengers.

Sulabh International

It is social service organization that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education. It is largest nonprofit organization in India. It was founded by social activists Bindeshwar Pathak in 1970.

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