DRDO Current Affairs - 2020

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Pakistan Test Fires 600 km range Ra’ad II missile successfully

On February 19, 2020, Pakistan test fired 600 km range Ra’ad II missile successfully on land and at sea. The missile range has been upgraded from 550km in 2017 to 600km. It is important for India to closely monitor such advances as New Delhi is roughly 430km from Lahore.

Highlights

The first Ra’ad II missile was unveiled in an annual parade in Pakistan in 2017. Ra’ad I had a range of 35km. The changes have been made significantly in the tail part of the missile. Ra’ad I had twin tail and was bigger in size. The recently test fired Ra’ad II had “X” configuration.

So far, the Ra’ad missiles of Pakistan are being carried by Mirage II fighter jets. Indian experts believe that Ra’ad II is Pakistan’s answer to Nirbhay cruise missile.

Nirbhay Cruise Missile

It is an all-weather missile that was designed and developed in India by DRDO (Defence Research Development Organization). So far, India has completed six developmental trials of the missile. The next test is to happen in April 2020.

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Sharang artillery Gun inducted into Indian Army

The Sharang Artillery Gun is to be inducted into Indian Army on February 8, 2020. The artillery guns are currently produced at the Kanpur ordnance factory.

Highlights

The Sharang artillery guns have been upgraded from 130 mm to 155 mm. Also, the hitting range of the gun system has been increased from 12 kilo metres to 39 kilo metres. It was tested at the Balasore DRDO facility in January 2019.

Artillery is a heavy military ranged weapons built to launch munitions.

Background

In October 2018, Ministry of Defence and the state-owned Ordnance Factory Board signed agreements to upgrade the artillery guns. The Sharang upgrade kit costs less than 7- lakh rupees per gun.

Ordnance Factory Board (OFB)

The Ordnance Factory Board was set up in 1775 at Fort William, Kolkata. The Board governs around 41 factories of India at 24 different location. There are 10 such factories in Maharashtra, 9 in UP, 6 in MP, 6 in TN, 4 in West Bengal, 2 in Uttaranchal, 1 in Telangana, Chandigarh, Bihar and Odisha.

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