Drug Trafficking Current Affairs - 2020

26th June: International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

In order to make societies across the world free of drug abuse, on 7th December 1987, by adopting resolution 42/112, the United Nations General Assembly declared 26th June to be observed as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.

The Theme for 2020 International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking: Better Knowledge for Better Care

Focus of 2020 Theme

For countering the impact that drug has on our societies, it is important that cross border cooperation increases among countries across the globe. This will help in restricting the negative effects of many kinds of misinformation that has caused challenges for the authorities involved in addressing the drug problem.

Drug trafficking has hindered the overall development of many developing countries over the years, as the financially weaker sections of society fall prey to various drug or trafficking networks for monetary stability in life. For countering this, understanding has to improve for which better knowledge through greater international cooperation is important for countering these negative impacts on society.

Significance of the Day in 2020

As per the World Drug Report 2020, if 2009 data are compared to the 2018’s, there has been a 30 percent increase in the number of drug consumers across the globe. 269 million people have used drugs in 2018.

At a time of a global pandemic, the day is to encourage individuals, private sectors, non-profit organizations, and the Governments across the world to continue their efforts in raising awareness about the adverse health consequences of drugs through social media campaigns.

June 12: World Day against Child Labour

Every year, the World Day against Child Labour is celebrated on June 12. It was launched by the International Labour Organization, a United Nations body. The World Day against Child Labour was launched in 2002.

Highlights

The Children in the age group of 5 to 17 years engaged in work deprives them of normal childhood, proper health care, adequate education, leisure time and basic freedom. The very purpose of marking World Day against Child Labour is this.

The day also aims to bring the problem of child labour to the attention of the people all over the world. The child labour is often associated with prostitution and drug trafficking.

2020

This year the ILO is conducting the World Day against Child Labour as virtual campaign and is organized by Global March against Child Labour and International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labour in Agriculture.

This year, the day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: ‘Covid-19: Protect Children from Child Labour, now more than ever!’

Background

Nine out of ten children involved in labour works are in Asia, Africa and Pacific. The percentage of Child labour is the highest in low-income countries. According to the International Labour Organization, Africa has the largest child labours in the world. It accounts to one-fifth of child labour in the world.

COVID-19 crisis

The child labour issue is to increase during the COVID-19 crisis. This is mainly because, children are out of school and are more likely to engage in harmful works. The Child helpline International says that one-third of the global population have been affected due to COVID-19 crisis and 1.5 billion children have been impacted.