e-commerce Current Affairs - 2019

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India to add 3 Million Tech Jobs by 2023: ISF

According to Indian Staffing Federation’s (ISF) Tech Employment Projections, the Indian tech industry will add another three million new jobs in next 5 years.

Key Highlights

  • With the addition of 3 million new jobs in next 5 years, the size of country’s tech army will reach seven million by 2023.
  • Job Areas: All these new technical jobs would come up in digital technology areas such as Machine Learning (ML), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Data Science, Internet of things (IOT), Analytics, Big Data, Blockchain and Augmented Reality (AR).
  • These newer technology areas which at presently are relatively unknown, are expected to emerge and evolve in the next few years.
  • Significance: The data shows visible behavioral change happening in global IT and ITes sectors. These employment projections give big relief to millions of software engineering students and young techies, amid talks about jobless growth with automation that may replace humans with robots.
  • Data Collected: Data for projections are gathered from interaction with companies, such as Indian tech firms, global capability centres of hundreds of international firms, MNCs, enterprises like e-com, BFSI, pharma and telecom etc
  • It shows that due to technology innovation activities in India, the new and existing Global In-House Centres (GCCs) have increased hiring. Also, other than 1,300 global in-house centres (earlier called captive units) presently working in India, about 400 new are coming up in 2019.
  • It emphasises that India does not have a job problem rather an employed poverty problem.
  • Suggestions: The only sustainable way to address job problem is by industrialisation, formalisation, urbanisation and financialisation of India’s human capital.

About Global In-House Centres (GCCs)

  • GCCs were called Captive Centers in early 1990s.
  • These are offshore centers (business unit) of a company that performs designated functions for large organizations. Although it is an entity on its own but at the same time retains work and close operational tie ups within the parent company.

About India Staffing Federation (ISF)

  • It is a global Multinational organization (MNC) based in United States. It is also the apex body for ‘flexi’ working industry.
  • It acts as an organizing union mainly for ethnic Indians in fields of job recruitment, and also performs outsourcing functions for businesses like employment background screening.

Month: Categories: Reports & Indices

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India seeks to push reforms at WTO

The Ministry of Commerce and Industries is arranging a mini-ministerial meeting of developing countries on May 13-14 to discuss the future of the multilateral body, World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the development agenda.

India is expected to invite close to two dozen countries for discussions on May 13-14. It is second such initiative undertaken by India since talks collapsed in Buenos Aires in December 2017. Unlike the earlier initiative, the US and the European Union will not be part of the discussions this time.

Agenda for the Discussion

  • A global framework for e-commerce, an issue that is being pushed hard by the US. China is not averse to negotiations and maybe India would be willing for the discussions.
  • US proposal to do away with special and differential (S&D) treatment for developing countries such as India, China, Brazil and South Africa. The special and differential treatment allows developing countries to maintain higher duties and implement agreements at a slower pace than the developed world.
  • The US is arguing that the better-off developing countries are eating up the gains that should accrue to the poorer nations in the category.
  • Ensure that WTO remains the key fulcrum of global trade and attempts by the US to do away with the principle of a consensus-based approach.
  • Discussions around reform of the dispute settlement mechanism which the US is pushing for aggressively.

India and other countries are demanding that there was a need to ensure that S&D treatment remains as they are still home to a large number of poor and vulnerable sections.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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