Earth observation Satellites Current Affairs - 2020
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On February 15, 2020, ISRO published its annual report 2019-20. According to the report, the Indian Space Research Organization will launch 10 Earth Observation Satellites in 2020-21. It includes the first Geo Imaging Satellite, GISAT-1.
The report says that 18 communication satellites, 19 national Earth Observation satellites and eight navigation satellites are in service. Out of these, 3 of these communication satellites are dedicated for military communication.
For the year 2019-20, ISRO had planned for 17 missions. Out of these, six are yet to be completed and are expected to be completed by March 31, 2020.
According to the report, ISRO has planned 36 missions in the upcoming year. It includes six Earth Observation satellites. The organization also has plans to add 8 Earth Observation satellites in 2021-22.
The Earth Observation satellites to be launched includes RISAT-2BR2. The RISAT-2BR2 with its fleet of predecessors RISAT-2B and RISAT-2B1 will be placed 120 degrees apart. RISAT are Radar Imaging Satellites that provide all weather surveillance using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radars).
Tags: Defence Communication • Earth observation Satellites • ISRO • RISAT • RISAT-2BR1
On 2 May 2019 former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman A S Kiran Kumar was awarded France’s highest civilian honour ‘Chevalier de l’Ordre national de la Legion d’Honneur’ (or National Order of the Legion of Honour) by France’s Ambassador to India Alexandre Ziegler on behalf of French President.
- He was awarded for his invaluable contribution in fostering historic and ambitious space cooperation between India and France.
- Throughout his tenure in ISRO office, he worked towards development of India-France ambitious space cooperation.
- He significantly made direct contribution in making space cooperation a cooperation of the people and also one of cornerstones of Indo-French strategic partnership.
Chevalier de l’Ordre national de la Legion d’Honneur
- It was established in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte and retained by all later French governments and regimes.
- It is the highest civilian award conferred by France for outstanding service to nation, irrespective of recipient’s nationality.
- The President of the French Republic is Grand Master of the l’Ordre national de la Legion d’Honneur.
- It is also highest French order of merit conferred for military and civil merits. The order is divided into five degrees. The Order in increasing distinction are namely, Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand-Croix (Grand Cross).
AS Kiran Kumar
- He served as 9th Chairman ISRO’s from 2015 to 2018. He was succeeded by incumbent K Sivan (former Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Center and Liquid Propulsion centre).
- He has represented ISRO at many international forums namely, World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and Indo-US Joint Working Group on Civil Space Cooperation.
- He currently serves as chairman of ISRO Committee on Earth Observation Satellites.
- He major significant contributions to Indian space programmes, include designing and developing electro-optical image sensors used in India’s first remote sensing satellite, Bhaskara which was launched in 1979, and credited with ocean colour instruments used in weather forecasting, sea zone and landscape mapping and telecommunications.
- He contributed to design and development of imaging instruments for projects like INSAT–3D, Resourcesat, Micro Satellite and Cartosat.
- He is also credited for his contribution in Terrain Mapping Camera and Hyperspectral Imager payloads of Chandrayaan-1 project.
Tags: AS Kiran Kumar • Cartosat • Chandrayaan 1 • Chevalier de l'Ordre national de la Legion d'Honneur • Earth observation Satellites