Education Current Affairs - 2020

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Access to “SWAYAM”, National Online Education Platform has tripled

On March 28, 2020, the Ministry of HRD (Human Resources Department) announced that the access to the National Online Education Platform called the SWAYAM has tripled since Lock Down.

Highlights

The Ministry of HRD has been trying to make sure the students can continue their education from home during the lockdown. The response has been overwhelming according to the ministry.

SWAYAM

SWAYAM is Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds. It was launched in 2014. The main aim of the online platform is to provide best quality education to around 3 crore students in the country. The SWAYAM MOOCs aims to address the needs of school level students studying 9th to 12th and to the post graduate students.

There are nine national coordinators operating SWAYAM. They are AICTE, UGC, NCERT, NPTEL, CEC, IGNOU, NIOS, NITTTR and IIMB. The platform provides self-assessment tests as well.

SWAYAM was developed by Ministry of HRD with the help of IIT Madras and NPTEL and Google.

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India to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees for construction of schools in Nepal

On March 16, 2020, India signed Memorandum of Understanding with Nepal for construction of new schools in the country. Under the MoU, India is to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees.

Highlights

India as an initial step of the agreement handed over a cheque of 8 lakh rupees (INR). The India-Nepal Development Partnership Programme is to construct the schools. The Kapilavastu District Coordination Committee will also help in the construction.

District Coordination Committee

The DCC is a district-level authority found in Nepal. The committee acts as a link between provincial assembly and rural municipalities. The committee members are elected by the district assembly for a term of five years. Every district committee has 9 members.

In India, the executives are the links. The Government schemes are implemented by the collector of the district.

India-Nepal

India and Nepal have century old relationship that connects them culturally, economically, socially and religiously. The India-Nepal relations began in 1950 with a Treaty of Friendship and peace signed between the countries.

Recent irritants between India and Nepal

Both Nepal and India claim a region called “Kalapani” as part of their country. In November 2019, India’s new political map including Kalapani created controversies. The Ministry of Home Affairs published the new map after dissolving special status of Kashmir and splitting Himalayan region into two union territories.

Kalapani

Kalapani is in the state of Uttarakhand. The state shares 80 km of porous border with Nepal.

Also, in 2015, Nepal accused India for imposing border blockade. This crippled the land locked nation as 90% of its imports and exports happened through India and its ports. This mainly includes Kolkata and Vishakhapatnam.

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