Education Reform Current Affairs - 2020

Amma Vodi scheme launched in Andhra Pradesh

On January 9, 2020, Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Jagan Mohan Reddy launched Amma Vodi Scheme in Chittoor. It is one of the nine flagship programmes of the Andhra Government. The programmes are called Navratanalu. The scheme is first of its kind in the country.

Key Features of the Programme

The scheme aims at benefitting school students studying in classes I to XII. It includes both public and private schools. Under the scheme, these students belonging to Below Poverty Line will get Rs 15,000 per annum. However, the guardian or mother of the child should ensure 75% attendance of the child.


The State Government has allocated Rs 6318 crores under the scheme. The funding aims at helping lakhs of below poverty line mothers trying to educate their children. The amount is to be directly transferred to the bank account of the beneficiaries.

The amount is to be transferred to the accounts of the mothers till the children complete their Class 12 education.

Educational reforms in the state

The Andhra Pradesh Government has allocated budget of Rs 14,000 crores to enable educational institutions and revamp the older infrastructure. It has also adopted English as medium of instruction in schools for class 1 to 6.

National Mission ‘NISHTHA’ launched in J&K

National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA) was launched in Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a pioneer scheme that was earlier launched across country by HRD Ministry on August 2019. This National Mission aims at improving learning outcomes at Elementary level through integrated Teacher Trainings.


Objective: Mission aims to build capacities of 42 lakh participants covering all teachers and Heads of Schools at elementary level in all Government Schools across India as well as faculty members of State Institute of Education (SIE)/ State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs), District Institute of Education and Training (DIET) etc.

Features: The training will be conducted by 33120 Key Resource Persons (KRPs) and State Resource Persons (SRPs) identified by respective States and UTs, who will be trained by 120 National Resource Persons (NRPs) from NCERT, CBSE, NIEPA, NGOs, Navodaya Vidyala Samiti (NVS), Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

Under the programme a total of 86000 Elementary teachers of Government Schools will be trained in J&K. The First phase of training has been scheduled from 14 to 18 of November 2019 at University of Jammu, in which a total of 354 resource persons will be trained by National Resource Group from NCERT/NIEPA.