Education Current Affairs

HRD ministry constitute sub-committee of CABE on issues of girl’s education

The Union Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry has constituted a sub-committee of Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) to look into issues of girl’s education.

It will be headed by Telangana’s Deputy Chief Minister and Education Minister Kadiyam Srihari. It will submit its report to the Union government within one year.

Terms of reference of sub-committee
  • Examine reasons for low participation of girls in education, including the socio-economic factors with resultant gender bias and suggest ways to reduce gender disparity to achieve better gender parity index.
  • Assess current status of enrolment of girls across the country at primary, upper primary, secondary education and senior secondary levels.
  • Analyse girls’ participation at all levels of school education across socio-economic groups of minorities, SC/ST and in rural-urban areas and reduce existing educational disparities among them.
  • Examine the existing schemes, incentives and measures aimed at enhancing girls’ participation and ensure their retention in education.
  • Suggest improvements and modifications in the existing schemes. Look into the issues of safety of girl students in schools, particularly in hostels and residential schools.
  • Identify infrastructure gaps such as non-availability or non-functionality of separated toilets for girls which impede retention of girls.
  • Compile best practices adopted by states/UTs for raising standards of girl’s education. Hold consultations with the Central/state governments and other stakeholders.


HRD ministry to set up NTA to conduct exams for higher, secondary education

The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRB) will soon set up a department – National Testing Agency (NTA) to conduct examinations for higher and secondary education.

NTA will be the single authority that will conduct entrance tests for all higher institutions like JEE, NEET, NET and other prestigious exams.

Key Facts
  • Establishment of NTA will free CBSE, AICTE and other agencies from conducting various exams and enable them to focus on their core areas and work on improving the quality of education.
  • Its main purpose is to bring reforms in the education system. Initially examinations like IIT, NIT and even university exams will be conducted by NTA. Later on secondary school exams will also be handed over to it.
  • Initially, the CBSE staff will be deployed in this department and but later on the specialised people will be hired in the NTA. 

Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in his Union Budget 2017’s speech had announced that a single authority National Testing Agency will be established to conduct entrance tests for all higher institutions and other prestigious exams. Earlier in 2016, Last year, the CBSE had asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to conduct the National Eligibility Test (NET) on its own as the board wanted to focus on its core areas and work on improving the quality of education. CBSE even had conveyed to the HRD Ministry that conducting exams for various government bodies puts a lot of burden on them and stretches its resources.