Education Current Affairs - 2019
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The second phase of Russia’s SIRIUS Deep Technology Learning and NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission ended on December 9, 2019. The joint programme was conducted based on a Memorandum of Understanding between SIRIUS and AIM.
The event was held between 28 November, 2019 and 8 December, 2019. Around 50 Russian and Indian students participated in the event. They shared best contemporary innovation practices in the field of biotech, clean energy, IT and Data analysis, Remote Earth Sensing, Robotics and Drones.
The students also created classification of farmland based on the data from satellite and neural network in order to achieve effective management of crop land. Under Clean Energy, students created free energy island prototype that can withstand energy requirement of 600 people. Under Drones and Robotics, an automated machine to collect tea leaves was created.
SIRIUS is Scientific International Research in Unique Terrestrial Station. It is a series of experiments that investigate flights to moon. It was started in 2017.
In 2017, joint SIRIUS experiments were conducted by US and Russia. It was called SIRIUS-17. The scientists under the programme conducted preventive measures and technologies to protect the health of scientists during space flight.
In March 2019, SIRIUS-19 was conducted. Under this initiative, 80 experiments were carried out that simulated human visit to the moon.
Tags: Atal Innovation Mission • Education • India-Russia • Niti Aayog • Satellite data
The United Nations Development Programme released the Human Development Index for 189 countries on December 9, 2019. The rankings were listed by the report titled “Beyond Income, Beyond Averages, Beyond Today: Inequalities in Human Development in 21st century”.
India ranked 129 among them, which is one rank ahead of its previous positions. In 2018, India ranked 130. The rankings were listed based on the assessment of poverty, education, life expectancy and access to health care.
Among all the regions, South Asia was the fastest growing region. It witnessed 46% growth between the years 1990 and 2018. Despite its growth, the region accounts to 31% of partner violence. Next to South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific reported good growth. The growth rate of these regions was assessed by the report as 43%.
Singapore reported the least partner violence faced by women.
The report says that around 27.1 crore people in India were lifted out of poverty between the time period 2005-06 and 2015-16. However, India is the largest country constituting to 41% of world’s poor according to the report!
India ranked 122 in the Gender Development Index