Education Current Affairs

Union Cabinet gives approval to IISER, Berhampur in Odisha

The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval to formation of the Indian Institute of Science Education & Research (IISER) at Berhampur in Odisha.

IISER, Berhampur will be established under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 and it will start of its 2016-17 academic session from 1 August 2016.

It will being its operations from a transit or temporary campus from the Academic Year 2016-17 for the initial three years i.e. till 2016-19.

Union Cabinet also gave approval for introduction of National Institutes of Technology, Science Education and Research (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016.

This bill will pave way for inclusion of IISER, Tirupati and IISER, Berhampur in Second Schedule of National Institutes of Technology, Science Education and Research (NITSER) Act, 2007.


  • The IISER have been declared as Institutes of National Importance under the NITSER Act, 2012. These Institutes are envisaged to carry out research in areas of science and provide quality science education at Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate level.
  • Earlier, there were five IISERs at Pune, Kolkata, Bhopal, Mohali and Thiruvananthapuram. In 2015, new IISER was started at Tirupati.
  • IISER, Berhampur comes in line with the announcement made by Union Finance Minister in his Budget Speech (2015) for setting up of an IISER in Odisha.


India falls short in female literacy compared to its neighbours: Study

As per new study, India’s school education system is under-performing in terms of quality in female literacy when compared to its neighbours, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.

These findings were released by International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity (or Education Commission). It shows that India’s education system is under-performing.

What the study says?

  • The proportion of women who completed five years of primary schooling in India and were literate was 48%, much less than 92% in Nepal, 74% in Pakistan and 54% in Bangladesh.india-falls-short-in-female-literacy-1
  • The female literacy rates in India went up by one to 15% after completing two years of schooling. Corresponding numbers for Pakistan and Nepal were three to 31% and 11 to 47% respectively.
  • Around the world, female literacy rates are improving. However, it is not clear if that is because of improvement in school quality.
  • India ranks low in global indices of female literacy as well. African countries Rwanda, Ethiopia and Tanzania all rank higher than India.
  • India was ranked 38th among the 51 developing countries for female literacy rates when countries are ranked by earliest grade at which at least of the women are literate.

How study was conducted?

  • For this research, researchers had devised a way to measure the quality of education around the world, with a specific focus on girls.
  • They had used data from nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) which is one of the most comparable data sources on living standards in developing world.