Education Current Affairs - 2020

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Idiocracy among 1,400 new words in Oxford dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) has officially added word ‘Idiocracy’ in it. It is among 1,400 new words, senses, and phrases added to the latest update of OED. The OED has defined word as society consisting of or governed by people characterized as idiots or government formed of people considered stupid, ignorant, or idiotic.

Other New words

OED also added term ‘trapo’ which in Philippine English means politician perceived as belonging to conventional and corrupt ruling class. It also added adjective bongga from Philippine English borrowed from Tagalog, which means extravagant, flamboyant, impressive, stylish, or excellent

Key Facts

OED undergoes revision four times every year. Apart from new words and phrases, new senses are added to existing words. OED records over 100 words derived ultimately from Greek suffix -cracy, meaning ‘power’ or ‘rule’. Words like democracy and aristocracy originated in ancient Greek, but by the 18th century, -ocracy was being added to English words as in statocracy and mobocracy. In the 19th century large number trickle of such formations with many of new words being terms of ridicule. The earlier terms foolocracy (1832) and idiotocracy (used by Ambrose Bierce in 1909) express a similar concept.

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WOSA-2018: 4th World Summit on Accreditation held in New Delhi

The World Summit on Accreditation (WOSA-2018) was held New Delhi. It was inaugurated by Union Minister for Human Resource Development (HRD) Prakash Javadekar. WOSA-2018 was organized by National Board of Accreditation (NBA) with main focus (theme) on “Challenges and Opportunities in Outcome Based Accreditation”.

WOSA 2018

The Summit facilitated exchange of information on various challenges being faced during transition between input-output based accreditation to outcome based accreditation. It saw participation of accreditation agencies from across world on common platform to share best practices.

WOSA 2018 also provided opportunity for academia and industry to explore avenues for future partnerships and to create an environment for open dialogue to facilitate mobility of students and professionals world-wide to gain international experience.
Sub-themes of WOSA 2018: Achieving excellence through learning outcomes, role of industry in technical education, ranking and rating of higher education institutions – Do they have Role in Quality Improvement, linking government funding with quality and use of ICT in accreditation in large jurisdictions.

Background

World Summit on Accreditation (WOSA) is biennial Summit organised by NBA, which provides platform to stakeholders to share their knowledge and information on accreditation. So far, NBA has organised three Summits in past in 2012 (theme: Achieving Excellence through Accreditation), 2014 (International Recognition of Education Qualifications) and 2016 (Quality Assurance through Outcome Based Accreditation).

National Board of Accreditation (NBA)

It is an autonomous organisation under Union Ministry of Human Resource Development. It is engaged in quality assurance of programs offered by professional and technical institutions in India through accreditation. It has been accorded Permanent Signatory Status of Washington Accord since June, 2014. NBA has adopted internationally implemented outcome based assessment and accreditation for ensuring that graduates of NBA accredited programs are globally competent and relevant.

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