Education Current Affairs - 2020

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NCERT to introduce QR code in textbooks

The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has initiated process of introducing QR code (Quick Response code) in their textbooks. It is aimed at helping students understand chapters better by watching film or reading additional content on laptops and digital boards.

Key Facts

For this enhanced learning feature, NCERT has started process of identifying relevant supplementary material including videos, power point presentations animations, maps and e-content. These will be mapped with content of each textbook from class 1 to 12 and will be linked with QR code, which will be printed in the textbooks. The QR code laden textbooks are likely to be introduced from the 2019 academic.

QR code (Quick Response code)

QR Code is a two-dimensional (matrix) machine-readable bar code consisting of an array of black and white squares, used for storing web-links or other information. This code can be read by camera of smartphone. It is used for storing URLs or other information that link directly to text, emails websites phone numbers. It is capable of 360 degrees (omni-directional), high speed reading. It can store up to 7089 digits as compared to conventional bar codes which can store max 20 digits. It encodes same amount of data in one-tenth the space of a traditional bar code. It carries information both horizontally and vertically. It has error correction capability and data stored in it can be restored even if it is partially damaged or dirty.

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Lok Sabha passes Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Second Amendment) Bill, 2017

Lok Sabha has passed The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Second Amendment) Bill, 2017 to abolish the ‘no detention policy’ in schools. The Bill amends the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. The Act was having provision of no detention policy i.e. no child can be held back in any class until completion of elementary school (classes 1-8).

Key Features of Bill

The Bill amends provision related to no detention policy in the parent Act to empower central or state government to allow schools to hold back child in class 5, class 8, or in both classes. It mandates conducting, regular examination in class 5 and class 8 at end of every academic year.

In case, child fails class 5, class 8 examinations, he will be given additional instruction and opportunity for a re-examination (within two months from the declaration of the result). If child fails again in re-examination, he may be held back in class 5, class 8, or in both classes.

The Bill empowers Union and State governments to decide whether to not hold back child in any class till completion of elementary education. Further, Union or State governments will decide manner and conditions subject to which child may be held back.

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