egg Current Affairs - 2020

Poultry Culling ordered by Kerala Government to control Bird Flu

On March 14, 2020, the Kerala Government ordered poultry culling. Parappanagadi has been identified as the Epicenter of bird flu. The Government of Kerala is to cull poultry within one-kilometer radius.

What is poultry culling?

Poultry Culling is the process by which unwanted chicks or male embryo are disposed. This is done in industrial egg production. Culling do not involve anaesthetics. Culling is done using carbon dioxide, cervical dislocation and maceration.

Poultry in India

India exports 4,49,527 metric tonnes of poultry products. The major export destination of Indian Poultry are Russia, Maldives, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia and Oman. According to APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Product Export Development Authority), eggs and broilers are increasing at the rate of 8% to 10%.

India was positioned 17th in global poultry production in 2019. Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are the major Poultry producing states in the country.

Today India is the fifth largest producer of eggs and eighteenth largest producer of broilers.

Three-person Baby Boy Born in Greece

A team of doctors from Greece and Spain have reported the birth of a baby using DNA from three people. The baby boy has inherited the genetic material from two women and a man.

How did the new IVF method work?

Doctors used an egg from the infertile mother, the father’s sperm and another woman’s egg to conceive the baby boy. The doctors transferred genetic material with chromosomes from the mother to the egg of a donor whose own genetic material had been removed in a process.

A similar DNA switching technique was adopted in Mexico in 2016 to avoid transmission of a mother’s hereditary illness to her child. But this case from Greece is unique owing to the fact that for the first time an IVF (in vitro fertilization) technique using DNA from three people has been deployed to allow a mother otherwise unable to conceive to have a child.

In-vitro Fertilisation

In-vitro Fertilization is an artificial reproduction technique wherein the process of fertilization happens by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory set-up. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus.