Election Current Affairs - 2020

Iraq new Prime Minister: Mustafa Al Kadhimi

Mustafa Al Kadhimi was chosen as the first Iraq Prime Minister after Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned in November 2019. On May 7, 2020, Iraq parliament voted to choose Mustafa Kadhimi as the new prime minister of Iraq.

Highlights

In November 2019, Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned due to massive anti-governmental protests. Since then, it is Mustafa who has become the proper Iraq Prime Minister.

Along with Kadhimi, 15 cabinet ministers were also approved by the Parliament and five were rejected.

The session of voting was attended by 250 parliament members. However, the Kurdish politicians boycotted the voting process claiming Kadhimi does not understand challenges faced by the Kurds. The session was also boycotted by parliamentarians from oil-rich cities.

Al Kadhimi

Al Kadhimi does not belong to any political party. He was a former intelligence chief and was nominated for the post of PM in April. He was nominated by the President of Iraq Barham Salih.

He was a vocal opponent of Saddam Hussein. He left Iraq in 1985, settled in UK living in exile for several years.

Kadhimi was an editor and columnist of the Iraq Pulse for Al-Monitor.

Al Kadhimi has been appointed the PM based on the Constitution that was framed in 2005.

Constitution of Iraq

The Constitution of Iraq came into force in 1925. It remained under effect till 1958. Later several adoptions were made under the constitution in 1964, 1968 and 1970. The current constitution was framed in 2005 by the Iraqi Governing Council that was selected by the Coalition forces and the USA.

South Korea ruling party wins election

On April 16, 2020, the ruling democratic party of President Moon Jae won the election taking 180 seats. The opposition United Future Party took 103 seats. There are 300 seats in the South Korea National Assembly.

Pandemic concerns

South Korea was the first country to hold national election among the COVID-19 pandemic. There were 14,000 polling booths set up for elections and at every polling booth the temperature of the voters was checked before they were allowed to vote.

Voting amidst COVID-19

The people had to use sanitizers and wear plastic gloves and face masks and stand at least a metre apart to cast their vote. When a person had temperature above 37.5 degree Celsius, he had to vote in a separate booth.

Highlights

The turnout of voting in spite of COVID-19 crisis was the highest in the country since 1962. Around 66.2% of the country voted in the elections. There are currently 60,000 people in quarantine due to COVID-19.

This election was the first time that the 18 year olds were allowed to vote.