Election Commission Current Affairs - 2019
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The Election Commission of India will conduct KABP (Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour and Practice of Voters) Baseline Survey in the upcoming Lok Sabha elections in all the 39 Lok Sabha constituencies of Tamil Nadu.
The survey which will be conducted by the State Elections Department will seek to determine what motivates electors to exercise their franchise and what deters them. It will
In each constituency, one Assembly segment will be chosen through random sampling. One hundred and twenty five electors will be interviewed. Totally, 4,875 persons will be covered.
The baseline survey is part of the national programme of the Election Commission and the findings of the proposed survey will be useful in designing and planning the Commission’s campaign of information, education and communication (IEC) at the time of the polls, due for 2014.
Baseline and endline surveys are part of the Commission’s programme of Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP), which is being given greater thrust after the 2009 Lok Sabha elections.
One of the major reasons behind the launch of the programme was that at the all-India level, 30 crore electors did not cast votes in 2009. [However, in Tamil Nadu, the turnout was high with about 73%].
The Election Commission (EC) is cogitating on the option of deploying Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) with Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) in some constituencies as it will deal with the herculean task of conducting Legislative Assembly polls in Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Mizoram before the end of 2013. To implement this, the EC will have to amend the rules relating to EVMs and this has to be done by the Law and Justice Ministry based on the recommendations of the Commission.
What is Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) or Verified Paper Record (VPR)?
Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) or Verified Paper Record (VPR) is a method of providing feedback to voters using a ballotless voting system. A VVPAT is intended as an independent verification system for voting machines designed to allow voters to verify that their vote was cast correctly, to detect possible election fraud or malfunction, and to provide a means to audit the stored electronic results. VVPAT was jointly developed by Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) and Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and the model had already undergone field trials twice. After the improvement made in the VVPAT, a voter who exercises his vote through the ballot unit of the EVM can physically see the printout of the vote cast by him. The name of the candidate, his/her election symbol and his/her serial number in the ballot will be displayed in the printout, although this cannot be taken home by the voter.