Elections Current Affairs

KP Sharma Oli sworn in as Nepal’s Prime Minister

KP Sharma Oli was sworn in as Nepal’s prime minister for the second time. He is the 41st prime minister of Nepal. He was administered the oath of office and secrecy by President Bidya Devi Bhandari. He is known for his pro-China stance and had served as the country’s prime minister from October 2015 to August 2016.


In the recently concluded Parliamentary elections, Left alliance of CPN-UML led by Oli and CPN-Maoist Centre led by Prachanda had secured almost two third majority in Parliament. Oli’s party CPN-UML secured 121 seats in 275-member Parliament making it largest party in Parliament. The Nepali Congress had won 63 seats while CPN-Maoist Centre has 53 seats. The total strength of CPN-UML and CPN-Maoist Centre was 174, sufficient to form a majority government at the Centre. Oli’s PM candidacy was supported by UCPN-Maoists, Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal, and Madhesi Rights Forum-Democratic along with 13 other small parties


The successful elections were seen as final step in Nepal’s transition to a federal democracy following a decade-long civil war till 2006 that claimed more than 16,000 lives. It is also seen as step forward in cementing democracy and providing political stability to Nepal. In 2015 Nepal had adopted new Constitution that split country into seven federal states.


EC constitutes Umesh Sinha Committee for considering social media expansion

The Election Commission (EC) has constituted 14 member committee headed by Umesh Sinha to suggest changes to Section 126 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (RP Act) in view of social media expansion.

Section 126 of RP Act, 1951 prohibits displaying any election matter by means of television or similar apparatus, during the period of 48 hours before the hour fixed for conclusion of poll in a constituency. It does not include social and new media under its ambit.

Composition: The Committee will be headed by Senior Deputy Election Commissioner Umesh Sinha. It will comprise of 9 officers of EC, one nominated member each from Ministry of Law, Information and Broadcasting Ministry, IT Ministry, Press Council of India (PCI) and National Broadcasters Association (NBA).

Terms of Reference of the Committee

The committed will study impact of new media and social media during the “silence period” i.e. during 48 hours period prior to elections and its implication in view of Section 126 of RP Act, 1951. It will suggest modifications to the RP Act, 1951and model code of conduct (MCC). It will also examine difficulties faced in regulating media platforms during the prohibitory 48 hours in a multi-phase election It will submit its report within three months.