Electric Buses Current Affairs - 2019
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Centre Government has sanctioned 5595 electric buses in 64 cities for intracity and intercity operations under Phase-II of Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles (FAME-India) Scheme. As per Union Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, this move would give a further push to clean mobility in public transportation.
Process Followed: Department of Heavy Industry (under Union Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises) had invited Expression of Interest (EoI) from more than million cities, smart cities, State/Union Territories (UTs), their capitals and even cities from special category states for submitting proposal for deploying electric buses on operational cost basis. Department received 86 proposals from 26 States/UTs for deployment of 14988 e-Buses. The proposals received were then evaluated as per EoI and on advice of Project Implementation and Sanctioning Committee (PISC) Government later sanctioned 5595 electric buses to 64 Cities.
Division of 5595 sanctioned electric buses: 5095 are sanctioned in 64 cities / State Transport Corporations (STCs) for intra-city operation, 400 electric buses for intercity operation and 100 electric buses to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) for last mile connectivity.
Eligibility: For deployment of sanctioned electric buses on operational cost basis, each selected City or State Transport Corporation is required to initiate procurement process in a time bound manner. Also as per Expression of Interest (EoI), buses which satisfy required localization level and technical eligibility notified under phase II of FAME India scheme will be eligible for funding under it.
Saving during Contract Period: These buses are expected to run about 4 billion kilometers during their contract period and are also expected to save cumulatively nearly 1.2 billion liters of fuel over contract period, which will result into avoidance of 2.6 million tonnes of CO2 emission.
About FAME-India Scheme
PHASE I: The Phase 1 of Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME-India) was launched in 2015 to promote manufacturing of electric and hybrid vehicle (EHVs) technology as well as to ensure sustainable growth of same.
PHASE II: Implementation of Phase-II of FAME-India Scheme was approved by Cabinet in February 2019 for promotion of Electric Mobility in the country. Fame Phase-II proposes to give a push to electric vehicles (EVs) in public transport and seeks to encourage adoption of EVs by way of demand aggregation (means total demand for final goods and services in an economy at a given time) and market creation.
Objective: To encourage faster adoption of EHVs by way of offering upfront incentives on purchase of electric vehicles and also by way of establishing a necessary charging Infrastructure for electric vehicles. The scheme will help in addressing the issue of environmental pollution and fuel security.
Tags: electric and hybrid vehicle • Electric Buses • Electric Vehicles • FAME India Scheme • Fame Phase-II
According to NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog an Inter-Ministerial Panel has sanctioned 5645 electric buses for operations in 65 cities and for inter-city operations to 8 state transport undertakings. The announcement in this regard was made by NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant. The move will give huge impetus to automobile sector, clean up cities & drive Make in India intiative.
Niti Aayog has also proposed that all two-wheelers below capacity of 150cc sold in country after March 31, 2025, should be electric only while three-wheelers sold in country after March 31, 2023 should be electric ones.
Steps taken by Centre to popularise Environment-Friendly Electric Vehicles
Tax Rebate: GST Council decided to cut tax rates on e-vehicles from 12% to 5% with effect from 1 August 2019.
In Union Budget 2019-20, Central government proposed additional income tax deduction of Rs.1.5 lakh on Interest paid on loans taken to purchase electric vehicles. Also, certain parts of EVs have been exempted from customs duty to further incentivise e-mobility in India.
FAME II: Centre has also approved Rs.10,000 crore under Phase II of FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles) scheme, which aims to encourage faster adoption of such vehicles by right incentives and charging infrastructure.