Electricity Current Affairs - 2020

CO2 Emissions of India falls in 4 decades

According to the study conducted by Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA), the Carbon dioxide Emissions in India has declined the least in four decades.

Highlights

The study says that the carbon dioxide emissions in India has reduced by 15% in March and by 30% in April. The study also says that the latest consumption of oil and gas, coal has declined. It has fell by 30 million tonnes in 2019-20 in the country as compared to that of the previous year.

Fossil Fuel uses

The carbon dioxide pollution in the country is mainly caused due to power and transportation sector. The decline in consumption of fossil fuels is also the main reason for the reduction in pollution. The power generated by coal-fired power plants reduced by 15% in March for the first time. Also, the renewable energy generation has increased by 6.4% in March.

The carbon dioxide emission also slowed down due to slowdown in coal-fired electricity generation.

IEA Report: Global Energy Review, 2020

The International Energy Agency recently released Global Energy Review in 2020. The report highlights the global energy demand in 2020 and carbon dioxide emissions.

Highlights

The report was prepared by collecting data from 30 countries. This includes India and China.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, 15% of the daily electricity demand has been reduced. The decline was mainly due to complete lock down in the countries such as India, Italy, France, UK.

Service Sectors

The decline in power consumption was noted in countries where service sectors were dominant. The service sectors included were hospitality, retail, tourism and education.

Fossil Fuel

The lock down has also reduced fossil-fuel based power generation. In India, according to the report, electricity production from coal has declined by 32.2% as compared to 2019 level.

Coal

The Global Coal Demand reduced by 8% as compared to 2019. This was mainly due to three reasons. One, China, a coal-based economy was hit badly. Two, availability of cheap gas. Three, increased use of renewables.

Oil

The oil demand was reduced by 5%. The transport connectivity all over the world has been reduced by 50% and aviation has been reduced by 60%

Carbon Dioxide Emissions

The Carbon Dioxide Emissions have declined by 8% as compared to 2019 levels. This is almost 2.6 giga tonnes. These levels of carbons dioxide was found in the earth’s atmosphere before 10 years.