Electricity Grid Current Affairs - 2020

India-Denmark sign MoUs

The Ministry of Power, India and Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate, Denmark signed Memorandum of Understanding on Energy Cooperation.

Highlights

Under the MoU, the countries have agreed to collaborate in areas such as long- term energy planning, offshore wind, consolidation of grid codes, incentivize power plants, increase flexibility in power purchase agreements. Through this, the Indian electricity markets are to benefit to a larger extent.

A joint work group is to be set up to establish specific details.

Recent news about Denmark

In April 2020, the United States offered financial aid to Greenland that angered Denmark. Greenland is an autonomous island that is under the territory of Denmark Kingdom. The financial help being offered are seen by Denmark as extension of colonial policy of US towards Greenland.

Greenland has largest deposits of rare-earth metals such as praseodymium, neodymium, dysprosium and terbium. For a long time, China has been the supplier of these rare-earth metals. Also, Arctic ice is melting at faster rate and opening up waters for maritime and military trade.

International Energy Agency: India the third largest producer of Electricity

On March 19, 2020, the Ministry of Power quoted International Energy Agency ranking in the Parliament. According to the ranking, India is the third largest producer of electricity in the world. Also, it is ranked 106th in terms of per capital consumption.

Highlights

India has now become power surplus from power deficit. Therefore, it is currently focusing on supply of quality power to consumers. As of December 2019, the National Electric Grid had an installed capacity of 368.79 GW.

Issues

Though India has surplus power, the country lacks adequate infrastructure. Still around 136 million Indians use traditional fuels such as agricultural waste, firewood, dry animal dung fuel for cooking and heating needs. This affects their health badly. According to WHO, more than 300,000 to 400,000 people in India die due to indoor air pollution.

Coal based electricity

Today, India’s power production is dominated by coal. As of May 2019, 72% of India’s electricity was generated from coal-based power plants. However, several energy institutes predict that dependence of India on coal is to reduce. For instance, the BP Energy Outlook, 2019 says that India’s primary energy consumption is to decline from 56% (2017) to 48% in 2040.

India is slowly shifting towards other sources of energy, especially solar energy. India has set a target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy. Of this, 100 GW is to be solar power.