Emergency Current Affairs - 2019
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Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in the country to implement Emergency Response Support System (ERSS) as Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh launched ERSS number 112 for the state. Under this system, all emergency numbers like 100 for police, 101 for fire, 102 for ambulance and disaster response have been integrated into one number ‘112’. This emergency number has been introduced on basis of US emergency number 911. Gradually this emergency number will be started in other states of the country.
Emergency Response Support System (ERSS)
It will provide single emergency response number across the country, providing 24*7 efficient and effective response system which can receive inputs from various voice and data services like voice call, SMS, e-mail and panic buttons in public transport, to attend to citizens in distress.
It can also identify the location of persons in distress, connecting through voice or data, and immediate assistance will be provided to the affected. It will help in optimum utilisation of manpower and prompt action on emergency calls. In addition to this, problems related to coordination among police force will also be simplified.
It has feature of automated response system for timely dispatch of field resources (police) to the location of incidence using the system. It also has GPS (Global Positioning System) enabled dispatch of vehicles to locate nearest vehicles. It will provide standardized and easy to use mobile apps, IoT (Internet of Things) applications on Pan-India basis.
The ERSS project was approved by Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) based on the recommendations of the Justice Verma Committee in the backdrop of unfortunate incident of Nirbhaya in December 2012 in national capital New Delhi. ERSS) was earlier referred as Nationwide Emergency Response System. The project was approved budgetary provision of Rs.321.69 crore under the Nirbhaya Fund with view to introduce Pan-India Single Emergency Response Number ‘112’ to address all kinds of distress calls such as police, fire and ambulance etc.
Tags: 112 • 9-1-1 • Communication • Emergency • Emergency Response Support System • Emergency telephone number • ERSS Project • Euthenics • Himachal Pradesh • National • Prevention • Public Safety • Single Emergency Number
President of Maldives Abdulla Yameen has declared state of emergency for 30 days on grounds of threat to national security. The declaration with effect to emergency has been made on November 4, 2015 as per article 253 of the constitution of Maldives. The constitution of Maldives gives president powers to declare emergency and suspend certain rights of the citizens.
The former President of Maldives Mohamed Nasheed, who belongs to the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) was convicted of charges of using the military to arrest a senior judge when in office. He was sentenced for 13 years of jail term in the March this year. The trial of the former President was criticised both locally and internationally for lack of due process. His supporters claimed that the verdict was politically motivated.
In recent days, the Nasheed’s party MDP was planning to organize a mass rally to protest against the present government. The Maldivian government is of the opinion that some groups are planning to use dangerous explosives and weapons and it may disturb the public peace.
Since 2012, Maldives has been hit by acute political crisis. The government has imprisoned much of the opposition leadership; prosecuting one vice president to charges of trying to assassinate the President, impeaching another vice president, removing two defense ministers and two Supreme Court judges so far.
The emergency has been announced at a time when the country is facing tensions after an explosion aboard President Yameen’s speed boat on 28 September, that wounded his wife and along with two others. President was unharmed in the blast. On October 24th, Maldivian government has accused the Vice President Ahmed Adeeb for the boat blast and ordered for his arrest.
Maldives is composed of 1192 small coral islands with a population of around 3.4 lakhs, mainly Sunni Muslims. Its economy is mainly based on tourist trade. The continuing political instability in the Maldives will damage its tourist trade, a key employer and earner of foreign exchange.