Emergency Ambulance Service Current Affairs - 2020

Three types of Health Care Facilities to be set up to manage COVID-19 cases

On April 8, 2020, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare announced that the hospitals and health facilities have been classified to deal with COVID-19 cases in the country. There are three types of COVID-19 health centres to be set up in the country.

Highlights

According to the ministry, all the centres will have separate, dedicated facilities for confirmed cases. The ministry has also announced that if one person does not follow strict guidelines of social distancing, he or she shall infect 406 people in just 30 days. The data was provided by ICMR after careful study of the spread and pattern of infection of the disease in the country.

The three types of centres are as follows

  • COVID Care Centre
  • Dedicated COVID Health Centre
  • Dedicated COVID Hospital

COVID Care Centre

These centres will attend cases that are clinically assigned as very mild or mild. They are makeshift facilities. They can be hostels, stadiums, schools, lodges, etc.

Dedicated COVID Health Centre

These centres will attend cases that are assigned as “moderate”. These centres will compulsorily have oxygen support in all beds. Also, these centres will have dedicated ambulance support equipped with sufficient oxygen support.

Dedicated COVID Hospital

These hospitals attend cases that have been clinically assigned as “severe”. They can be either a complete hospital or a part of the hospital. The private hospitals shall also be designated to this category. These hospitals will hold complete set up of ICUs, beds with oxygen support and ventilar units

Current Scenario

So far 402 persons have recovered from the disease and 149 have lost their lives due to the disease. The ICMR has so far tested 1,14,015 samples. Around 136 government laboratories and 63 private laboratories have been approved by the ICMR to make COVID-19 testing.

PM Narendra Modi launches India-assisted emergency ambulance service in Sri Lanka

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched India-assisted emergency ambulance service through video conferencing from New Delhi. The inaugural function of emergency ambulance service was held in Jaffna, Northern Province, of Sri Lankan. The project is another milestone in wide-ranging development partnership between India and Sri Lanka.

Key Facts

Jaffna is third province in Sri Lanka, were India-assisted emergency ambulance service has been launched. The service was earlier introduced in two provinces of Sri Lanka with grant assistance from India. It is planned to be expanded to remaining seven provinces of Sri Lanka. For this project, India in total has given grant of $22.8 million- $7.6 million for the first phase and $15.2 million for the country-wide expansion. This is largest ever Indian grant project in Sri Lanka after India funded housing project.

Background

India had launched emergency ambulance service in Sri Lanka’s western and southern provinces in July, 2016 with grant of US $7.6 million to uplift and improve medical facilities in the island country. In this regard, agreement was signed between Indian entity GVK EMRI Lanka Pvt Ltd and Sri Lankan Ministry of Health Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine. With this project, pverall, India’s development portfolio in Sri Lanka is nearly US $2.6 billion, out of which US $436 million is in the form of grants.