Emmanuel Macron Current Affairs - 2019
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron jointly awarded 2018 Champions of the Earth award, UN’s highest environmental honour.
They were chosen in Policy Leadership category of the award for their pioneering work in championing International Solar Alliance (ISA) and promoting new areas of levels of cooperation on environmental action. It also PM Modi’s unprecedented pledge to eliminate all single-use plastic in India by 2022.
This year six of the world’s most outstanding environmental changemakers were recognised with the Champions of the Earth Award by United Nations Environment Programme. They were recognised for combination of bold, innovative and tireless efforts to tackle some of most urgent environmental issues of our times. The awards will be presented during the Champions of the Earth Gala in New York City, on the sidelines of the 73rd UN General Assembly.
Other winners of 2018 Champions of Earth awards
India’s Cochin International Airport: It was awarded in Entrepreneurial Vision category for its leadership in the use of sustainable energy. It is world’s first fully solar-powered airport.
Joan Carling: She was awarded lifetime achievement award for her work as one of the world’s most prominent defenders of environmental and indigenous rights.
Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods: They were jointly recognised in Science and Innovation category for their revolutionary development of a popular, plant-based alternative to beef, and for their efforts to educate consumers about environmentally conscious alternatives.
China’s Zhejiang’s Green Rural Revival Programme: It was awarded in inspiration and action category for transformation of once heavily polluted area of rivers and streams in East China’s Zhejiang province.
Champions of the Earth award
It is UN’s highest environmental recognition celebrating exceptional figures from public and private sectors and from civil society, whose actions have had transformative positive impact on the environment. It was established in 2005 by United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment). This award programme is successor to UNEP’s Global 500 Roll of Honour.
Past laureates include: Afroz Shah, who led world’s largest beach cleanup (2016), Rwandan President Paul Kagame (2016), Ocean Cleanup CEO Boyan Slat (2014), scientist-explorer Bertrand Piccard, developer of Google Earth Brian McClendon (2013), and former US Vice-President Al Gore (2007).
India and France singed 14 key agreements in strategic areas of security, nuclear energy, protection of classified information and also in field of education, environment, urban development and railways.
These agreements were signed after extensive bilateral talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron in New Delhi. French President Macron was in India on four-day official state visit. His visit was aimed at strengthening bilateral economic, political and strategic dimension of engagement between India and France.
Signed Agreement are
- MoU on cooperation in the field of Environment.
- MoU on technical cooperation in the field of Railways.
- India-France Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement.
- Agreement to facilitate Mutual Recognition of Academic Qualifications.
- Letter of Intent for creation of permanent Indo-French Railways Forum.
- Agreement on cooperation in the field of Sustainable Urban Development.
- MoU for co-operation in projects in ISA member countries in areas of solar energy
- Implementing Arrangement for pre-formulation studies of a Maritime Awareness Mission.
- Agreement regarding provision of reciprocal logistics support between their Armed Forces.
- Bilateral Arrangement on cooperation in matter of Hydrography and Maritime Cartography.
- Agreement regarding exchange and reciprocal protection of classified or protected information
- Credit Facility Agreement of Euros 100 million for funding of Smart City Projects through a Challenge Process
- Industrial Way Forward Agreement between NPCL and EDF, France for construction of six nuclear reactors at Jaitapur, Maharashtra.
- Agreement on Prevention of Illicit Consumption and Reduction of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Chemical Precursors and Related Offences.
India and France share close and friendly relation. The relationship is based on shared values and real convergence on a whole range of regional and global issues. Both countries had announced a Strategic Partnership’ in 1998 and since then, relationship has been further strengthened.
Both countries have enhanced and ongoing cooperation in defence, maritime, space, security, and energy-related sectors. They are also increasingly working together on all issues of concern including terrorism, climate change, sustainable growth and development, infrastructure, smart urbanization, S&T cooperation, and youth exchanges.
France is a major supplier of military equipment to India. It was one of few nations that did not condemn India’s nuclear tests in 1998. It was first country with which India entered into agreement on Civil Nuclear Cooperation in 2008. France is one of largest suppliers of nuclear fuel to India. It also supports India’s bid to become permanent member of UN Security Council (UNSC) as well as G-8.
The bilateral trade between India and France for period April 2016 to March 2017 had reached US$ 10.95 billion. France is 9th largest foreign investor in India with cumulative investment of US $6.09 billion from 2000 to 2017. Close to 1,000 French companies are present in India. About 120 Indian companies have invested in France and employ close to 7,000 people.