Endangered Current Affairs - 2020

GoI launches 5 initiatives towards Conservation of Biodiversity

On May 22, 2020, to celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity, 2020, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change launched five initiatives on conservation of biodiversity.

Highlights

The five initiatives include the following

  • The “Biodiversity Samrakshan Internship Programme” was launched. It aims at engaging 20 students in post graduate programme for a period of 1 year. The programme will engage creative students that are willing to learn about biodiversity conservation and natural resource management.
  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) campaign called Illegal Trafficking of Endangered Species was launched. The campaign is called “Not All Animals Migrate by Choice”.
  • The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau campaign called Not All Animals Migrate by Choice was launched.
  • A Webinar series was launched. The series was on “Biodiversity Conservation and Biological Diversity Act, 2002”.
  • The World Wildlife Fund Model Conference of Parties was launched. It includes younger generation. This will engage them towards imprint of humanity towards biodiversity.

International Day of Biological Diversity

Every year, the International Day of Biological Diversity is celebrated by the United Nations. The day is celebrated under the theme “Our Solutions are in Nature”.

Super Year for Biodiversity

The United Nations framed 20 global actions to be implemented between 2010 and 2020. This is called Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. The year 2020 is called Super Year for Biodiversity.

Exploration underneath Assam National Park receives Environmental Clearance

On May 20, 2020, the major exploration by the Oil India Limited beneath the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park of Assam received environmental clearance. There were concerns that the project would affect the flora and fauna in the region. The park is the only region in India that supports feral horses.

Highlights

The Oil India Limited (OIL) has received environmental clearance from MoEFCC (Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change) to extend drilling and testing of hydrocarbons.

The OIL is to implement extended reach drilling technology for which the company had obtained permission in 2016.

The company will down carry out hydrocarbon exploration 1.5 km outside the demarcated area of the park. The company has been performing explorations in the region for more than 15 years.

Feral Horse

The Feral horse is not a true wild horse. The only true wild horse that exists today is the Przewalski’s horse, that are native to Central Asia. The Prezewalski horse was first classified as extinct by the IUCN red list. Later, they were reclassified as critically endangered in 2008 and endangered in 2011.

Australia has the largest population of feral horses in the world.

Extended Reach Drilling

The Extended Reach Drilling Technology is directional drilling beneath the earth. The technology aims to reach larger area and longer distances. It is done to maximize productivity and drainage capability.