Enforcement Directorate Current Affairs
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The Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Central government on PIL which questioned the notification authorising 10 central agencies to intercept, monitor and decrypt any computer system.
What was the notification?
Under the notification, the central government had empowered 10 agencies, Intelligence Bureau, Narcotics Control Bureau, Enforcement Directorate, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (for Income Tax Department), Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, Central Bureau of Investigation, National Investigation Agency, the Research and Analysis Wing, Directorate of Signal Intelligence (in service areas of J-K, North East and Assam) and Delhi Police commissioner to intercept, monitor and decrypt any computer system.
PIL challenges the Notification
The notification is challenged on the following grounds:
- The notification was illegal, unconstitutional and ultra vires to the law.
- The notification gives State the right to access every communication, computer and mobile and to use it to protect the political interest and object of the present executive political party.
- The notification was an attempt to create a surveillance state.
The PIL also sought to prohibit the agencies from initiating any criminal proceedings, enquiry or investigation against anybody under the provisions of the IT Act based on the notification. The Supreme Court issuing a notice to the central government and has asked to respond in six weeks.
Tags: Central Bureau of Investigation • Delhi Police commissioner • Directorate of Revenue Intelligence • Directorate of Signal Intelligence (in service areas of J-K North East and Assam) • Enforcement Directorate • Intelligence Bureau • Narcotics Control Bureau • National Investigation Agency • Snooping • Supreme Court • surveillance state • the Central Board of Direct Taxes (for Income Tax Department) • the Research and Analysis Wing
Prime Minister Narendra Modi headed Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has appointed Senior IRS officer Sanjay Kumar Mishra as full-time Director of the Enforcement Directorate (ED). He will have tenure of two-years from the date of assumption of the charge of the post or until further orders, whichever is earlier. The post of ED director is additional secretary rank post in the Union government.
Mishra is 1984-batch Indian Revenue Service (IRS) officer of Income Tax cadre. Prior to this appointment he was principal special director in EB appointed in October 2018 and was entrusted with additional charge of ED director for three months. Before ED appointment, he was posted as chief commissioner of Income Tax Department in Delhi.
Enforcement Directorate (ED)
It is economic intelligence and law enforcement agency agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India. It functions under aegis of Department of Revenue, Union Ministry of Finance. Its prime objective is enforcement of two key Acts of Government of India namelyForeign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA) and Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA) to check money laundering by curbblack money and hawala trade cases. It is composed of officers from the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service. It was established in 1956 as ‘Enforcement Unit’ in Department of Economic Affairs. It is headquartered in New Delhi.