Environment Current Affairs

Mercedes-Benz first to launch locally-made BS-VI-compliant car

German auto major Mercedes-Benz has unveiled India’s first BS-VI-compliant S Class car produced at its Pune facility. The BS-VI-compliant S Class car was unveiled more than two years ahead of Government’s deadline of April 2020 for switching to new BS-VI emission norms.

Key Facts

BS-VI-compliant S Class can run on BS-IV fuel, which will bring down NOx emissions by 68% and PM by 82%. This will lower the CO2 burden by 13% and fuel demand by 10%. This will pave way for other car manufacturers to introduce their vehicles which are compliant with new emission regulation

Bharat Stage Norms

Bharat stage (BS) emission standards are emission standards instituted by Central Government to regulate the output of air pollutants from internal combustion engine equipment, including motor vehicles. The standards and the timeline for implementation are set by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) under Ministry of Environment & Forests and climate change. These standards are based on European regulations were first introduced in 2000.

BS-VI

The Union Government in October 2016 had decided to skip one stage and migrate to BS-VI directly from BS-IV from April 2020 to fight the growing pollution. At present, all new vehicles being registered are BS- IV-emission compliant. By switching to BS-VI, India will join league of US, Japan and European Union, which follow Euro Stage VI emission norms.

Implications of BS-VI standard on environment

BS-IV fuels contain 50 parts per million (ppm) sulphur, while BS-V and BS-VI grade fuel will have 10 ppm sulphur. It will also bring down NOx emissions from diesel cars by 68% and 25% from petrol engine cars. Cancer causing particulate matter emissions from diesel engine cars will also come down by a phenomenal 80%.

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Maharashtra approves Nanaji Deshmukh Krishi Sanjivani Yojna to promote climate-resilient agriculture

Maharashtra Government has approved Nanaji Deshmukh Krishi Sanjivani Yojna, a Rs.4,000-crore project aimed at promoting climate-resilient agriculture. It will be roll out in 2018-19 and continue till 2023-24.

The Scheme has been named after social activist Nanaji Deshmukh who has worked in fields of education, health, and rural self-reliance, and has been honoured with Padma Vibhushan.

Nanaji Deshmukh Krishi Sanjivani Yojna

The scheme will be implemented in 5,142 villages across 15 districts. Its objectives are to improve soil quality, develop foodgrain varieties which can sustain climate variations and effect necessary changes in the crop pattern as per the availability of water in a particular region.

Main objectives of scheme

  • Promote very idea of sustainable development in agricultural sector.
  • Eliminate the problems of ground water salinity problems.
  • Improve conditions of the agricultural yields to overcome the climatic changes.
  • Promoting the quality of the soil such that quality of food grains produced can be improved.
  • Cultivate new variety of grains that will more sustainable and adaptable to climatic changes.

The scheme will cover small- and medium- scale farmers, who are more vulnerable to the impact of climate change. The total cost of project is Rs 4,000 crore, 70% of which will be borne by World Bank while state will contribute 30% over six years

The entire project will focus on promoting climate resilient method of agriculture and cultivation that will be monitored within various districts and villages in the state. It also strives at doubling income of state farmers by next few years till 2022 for farmers belonging to medium and small grades to help overcome loses.

Under it, state government will also try and take new measures to help change the pattern of cultivation of the crop depending on the availability of the water. This will help in making the state drought free.

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