Environmental Conservation Current Affairs - 2020

What are DMF Funds that are to be used by the states to combat COVID-19?

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman recently instructed the state governments to use DMF (District Mineral Foundation) funds to fight against COVID-19. This is being done to supplement medical facilities that will help fight against Corona Virus.

What are DMF Funds?

The District Mineral Foundation is a non-profit body. It was set up in those districts that were affected by mining works. The Foundation works towards the benefit and interest of the persons affected due to the mining activity. The Funds are allocated according to the rules of MMDR act.

Legislation

The DMF funds were set up under Section 9B of Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) MMDR amendment act. The act says that every mine holder has to contribute 10% of their loyalty towards the funds.

Pradhan Mantri Khanij Khsetra Kalyana Yojana

The DMF funds are used to implement the scheme. The scheme focuses on safeguarding environment, health and economic conditions of the tribal people. This is because, most of the productive mines in the country are located in the tribal areas.

DMF Funds

The DMF funds so far were used for drinking water supply, health care, environment preservation, women welfare, education, sanitation and skill development.

National Green Corps Ecoclub programme meets for the first time

On December 23, 2019, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) organized an annual meeting of state nodal agencies implementing the Ecoclub programme for the first time. The event was organized in collaboration with GEER foundation, Gujarat.

Highlights

Senior officers of the Ecoclub programme from 22 states and union territories participated in the programme. Around 200 students from the state of Gujarat also participated in the programme. Ecoclub awards were awarded to school students at national level. Two books were released at the event namely “Glimpses of Ecoclubs” and a handbook on International Environment Conventions and Programmes.

National Green Corps

The programme was launched by the MoEFCC covering 1,20,000 schools in India. The programme mainly covered the School Eco clubs in different states. They are titled NGC students similar to NCC. These students participate in activities related to energy conservation, water conservation, biodiversity conservation, waste management, resource management and land use planning.

Significance

The NGC is the largest programme in the world. The programme targets that the children participating in the programme will grow up and take care of the environment. The NGC cadets are given pride places at celebrations of national days when they participate in their NGC uniform. Also, when NGC cadets take up environmental activities they attract huge public attention.