Exercises Current Affairs - 2020

Milan 2020: Biggest Multilateral Naval Exercise in the Indian Ocean Region

Indian Navy is preparing itself for the biggest multilateral naval exercise to be conducted in the Indian Ocean Region. The Exercise is to be conducted under the theme

Theme: Synergy across the Seas

Highlights

The exercise will include multi-national groupings, simulation of operational scenarios and tactical maneuvers. Around 42 countries are to participate in the exercise. It includes Russia and USA as well. India has not invited China to participate in the exercise. The exercise is to be conducted in Vishakhapatnam in March 2020.

The exercise will act as a common platform for the commanders to exchange their challenges.

History

The Multilateral exercise began in 1995 in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In 1995, only 4 countries participated. It included Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. It is biennial and was restricted to friendly nations. However, in its later stages the size of the exercise began to increase. In 2018, the size grew significantly with around 17 countries participating in the exercise.

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Matla Abhiyan: Coastal Security Exercise conducted by Indian Navy

The Indian Navy recently launched a unique coastal security exercise in Kolkata. The exercise was conducted to create awareness about the coastal security to the local community.

Highlights

The Indian Navy conducted the Coastal Security Exercise, Malta Abhiyan in the Sunderbans region and the exercise is unique of its kind. Two naval boats were flagged off the Sunderbans till Hemnagar along the International Trade Protocol route between India and Bangladesh. The Naval officer created awareness to the local community along the route. The route is sensitive as deadly equipment can be dropped off easily and thus it was chosen by the Indian Navy.

Sunderbans

The Sunderbans is a Mangrove Delta Forest formed at the confluence of Brahmaputra, Ganga and Meghna rivers. The Delta is vulnerable for its vastness and complexities. It covers over 10,000 square kilometres in India and 6,017 square kilometres in Bangladesh.

Sunderbans-Heritage Sites

Four Sunderbans protected areas are listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It includes Sunderbans National Park, Sundarbans South, Sunderbans West and Sunderbans East.

The Forest is known for Bengal Tigers and other fauna such as spotted deer, snakes and crocodiles.

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