Facebook Current Affairs - 2020
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The second edition of South Asia Safety Summit was recently held in New Delhi. It was orgnaised by Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) and Facebook. It was organized to highlight issue of safety while individuals and communities are connected on the digital platform.
Highlights of Summit
It saw participants from 125 civil society organizations from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Afghanistan who have expertise in running digital literacy programmes and creating tools for social-emotional development of young people.
Comic series under #CreateCareConnect: It was launched during the summit with an aim to educate young users about online safety in a simple and engaging way. It is illustrated by a young Delhi-based doodler, @neha.doodles.
We Think Digital website: It was launched by Union Minister of WCD Srmiti Irani during the Summit. It is online education portal with interactive tutorials aimed at helping people think critically and share thoughtfully online. It covers topics like privacy, safety, security, digital discourse and knowing your digital footprint.
Tags: 2nd South Asia Safety Summit • Facebook • Ministry of Women and Child Development • New Delhi • Online Safety
On 23rd September, 2019, Facebook announced that it will acquire CTRL – Labs, a tech company that makes wrist bands capable of reading minds. The band can transmit electrical signals from brain into computers as digital input. The deal is worth approximately, from 500 million USD to 1 billion USD. This is the most substantial acquisition of Facebook after its acquisition of virtual reality company Occulus on a deal of 2 billion USD in 2014.
CTRL – Labs was founded by Patrick Kaifosh, a neuro scientist and Internet Explorer creator Thomas Reardon.
What is CTRL – Labs?
CTRL – labs is a start up looking to guide computers with the help of brain signals without using hands. The lab is working on brain science, machine learning and intends to create interfaces for people to control and manipulate the digital gadgets just by thinking.
What is CTRL – Labs’s wrist band?
The flagship product of CTRL – labs is a wrist worn device. It measures neuron activity in the brain and imitates the same motion on computer screen. This device does not read minds. However, it is capable of acquiring signals from brain and electrical impulses that come from muscle cells. In lay man terms the company says that one need not move his hand to move the hand on the screen. He just has to think about moving his arms.
Why is Facebook acquiring CTRL labs?
The acquisition eludes the company’s Building 8 initiative. Building 8 is a secretive research group. Regina Dugan, the leader of Building 8 announced it in 2017. Under the initiative Facebook had been working on non – invasive sensors that will help people communicate. The goal of the initiative is to let users type 100 words a minute using their minds alone. But not everything wandering in the brain, only specific information that it intends to convey.
Under Building 8 initiative, Facebook also plans to create sensors that allows users hear using vibrations on skin.
Apart from Building 8 initiative Facebook also wants to build new ways to interact with computers. Bottom line, Facebook is on the verge of integrating online and offline lives.
How does the band work?
The band leverages EMG to translate mental thought processes into action. EMG is Electrodiagnostic medicine technique to record and evaluate electrical activity in skeletal muscles. The band contains 16 electrodes to monitor electrical signals from motor neuron. The device detects the firing of a neuron at its axon which is called action potential. This puts the device above other wearable devices as they use EEG to measure electrical activity of the brain.