Facebook Current Affairs - 2019
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Facebook has banned praise, support and representation of white nationalism and white separatism on its platforms. This move had a qualified approval from the recent Christchurch mosque shooting. Further, Facebook has stated that it will direct users who post or search content connected to these ideologies to an organization that helps people leave hate groups.
Social Media platforms were under pressure and criticisms that they have failed to confront extremism. Social Media was under the spotlight after a suspected white supremacist broadcasted live footage of his attacks in Christchurch, New Zealand.
What are White Supremacy, White Nationalism and White Separatism?
White Supremacy is defined as a belief system with tenets like “whites should have dominance over people of other backgrounds, especially where they may co-exist; whites should live by themselves in a whites-only society; white people have their own ‘culture’ that is superior to other cultures; white people are genetically superior to other people.”
White Nationalism is defined as a “euphemism for white supremacy”. Whit Nationalism emphasizes defining a country or region by white racial identity and which seeks to promote the interests of whites exclusively, typically at the expense of people of other backgrounds.”
White Separatism is defined as a form of white supremacy which emphasizes the idea that white people should exist separately from all inferior, non-white races, whether by establishing an all-white community somewhere or removing non-whites from their midst.
The Turing Award 2018 has been awarded for Geoffrey Hinton, Yann LeCun, and Yoshua Bengio who have kickstarted an AI revolution by studying the learning abilities of large artificial neural networks. The deep neural network uses layers of artificial neurons which mimics the structure of animal brains. Such AI is increasingly used in products that people use every day – from smart speakers to Facebook. This forms the backbone of Deep Learning.
Deep learning involves building computer programs which mimics the structure of animal brains, with many layers of artificial neurons used for processing the data. When the network of neurons digests data, each neuron has individual responses within each layer. These outputs are passed to the next layer until the network finally forms a decision or judgment about the input. This deep learning technology can be used to transcribe human speech or recognise a person’s face in different photographs.
Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) for individuals who have contributed a lasting and major technical importance to the computer field. The Turing award is accompanied by a prize of US $1 million, with financial support provided by Google
Turing Award is recognized as the highest distinction in computer science and is often referred to as the “Nobel Prize of computing”.
Tags: ACM • AI • Artificial Intelligence • Association for Computing Machinery • Deep Learning • Facebook • Geoffrey Hinton • Google • Nobel Prize of computing • Turing Award • Turing Award 2018 • Yann LeCun • Yoshua Bengio