Fact Box Current Affairs - 2019
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India to establish NCCC for spying on cyber threats
Indian government will establish its own multi-agency body — National Cyber Coordination Centre (NCCC) — that would carry out “real-time assessment of cyber security threats” and “generate actionable reports/alerts for proactive actions” by law enforcement agencies.
NCCC , to be set up at a cost of Rs 1000 crore, would be a multi-agency body under Department of Electronics and IT. It will function in sync with other government agencies. These agencies include:
- National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS)
- Intelligence Bureau (IB)
- Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
- Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In)
- National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO)
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
- DIARA (Defence Information Assurance and Research Agency)
- Army, Navy, Air Force
- Department of Telecommunications
What will be its functions?
It will be India’s first layer for cyber threat monitoring and all communication with government and private service providers would be through this body only. The NCCC would be in virtual contact with the control room of all Internet Service Providers to scan traffic within the country, flowing at the point of entry and exit, including international gateway. Apart from monitoring the Internet, the NCCC would look into various threats posed by cyber attacks. The agency will provide law enforcement agencies direct access to all Internet accounts, be it e-mails, blogs or social networking data.
Citrus greening or Huanglongbing is a deadly disease of citrus which greatly affects the production of the fruits in several parts of India.
- It is caused by motile bacteria, Candidatus Liberibac
- Yellowing of leaf veins and adjacent tissues
- Premature defoliation
- Dieback of twigs
- Decay of feeder rootlets and lateral roots.
- Infected fruits are small, lopsided with bitter taste, may fall prematurely
How does it spread?
- In India the bacteria are spread by a vector- the Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri).
- It is a sap-sucking, hemipteran bug in the family, Psyllidae.
How can it be controlled?
- It can be managed by focus Integrated Pest Management (IPM) efforts using disease-free nursery trees, reducing infection sources (inoculum) by frequent surveys and diseased tree removal, and suppressing Asian citrus psyllid through area-wide management.