Factories Act 1948 Current Affairs - 2020

Ordinance passed by UP to suspend labour laws

On May 7, 2020, the Uttar Pradesh Government passed an ordinance to suspend labour laws in the state for three years. The ordinance is being passed to boost industrial investment and also help the migrants who have returned back to the state. Around 7 lakh migrant workers from all over the country have returned back to their state.

Significance

The “Uttar Pradesh Temporary Exemption from Certain Labour Laws Ordinance, 2020” will allow the industries to freely employ large number of migrant workers. Also, the ordinance will help to bring back the economy back to track.

The ordinance applies to new factories and existing businesses as well.

Exclusions

The ordinance does not include Building and other Construction Workers Act, Bonded Labour Act, Workmen Compensation Act and Section 5 of Payment Wages Act.

Inclusions

The ordinance will suspend laws that related to occupational safety, industrial disputes, contract workers, trade union related laws and laws related to migrant labourers.

Is Central Government Approval required?

Labour is a Concurrent subject. Therefore, both centre and state governments shall frame their own laws. However, approval of central government is required.

The UP Government, has therefore, sent the ordinance for the approval of the central government.

Current Scenario in other states

The Madhya Pradesh Government had exempted the manufacturing units from Factories Act, 1948.

Goa Govt. approves amendment to Factories Act to allow Women in Night Shifts

The state government of Goa recently approved an amendment to Factories Act 1948 which will allow deployment of women in night shifts (from 7pm to 6 am) in industries. It is a welcome step taken by Goa government towards women empowerment.

Key Highlights

The Amendment Bill was approved by state cabinet and is set to be tabled during upcoming Legislative Assembly session.

Need: Specific provision restricting employments of women at night have had a deterred effect on employment of women.

Importance:

The amendment will allow deployment of women in night shifts in industries and might end the discrimination against female workers as far as job opportunities are concerned.

It will give trouble-free space to women to excel in their careers and will also help women get more jobs.

It is a revolutionary step which might bring about equality at workplace.

What is Factories Act 1948?

Administration: It is administered by Union Ministry of Labour and Employment via Directorate General Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes (DGFASLI), which advises Central and State Governments on administration of Factories Act and coordinates factory inspection services in States. In state the act is administered by State Governments through their factory inspectorates.

Amendment: It was amended by Factories (Amendment) Act, 1987 and serves to assist in formulating national policies with respect to occupational safety and health in factories and docks in India.

Focus Area: It deals with different problems concerning health, safety, efficiency and well-being of persons at work places.

Covers: It is applicable to establishments with 10 or more workers, if premise is using power and to establishments with 20 or more workers, without electricity connection.