Family planning Current Affairs - 2020

Impacts of lock down on Family Planning

The lock down has resulted in poor access to family planning measures and contraceptives. This will result in lots of unwanted pregnancies.

Highlights

With the number of infected persons of COVID-19 increasing all over India, least importance is being given to family planning and other treatments that includes Tuberculosis, AIDS, etc. The issue will end up in lot of unwanted pregnancies and eventually to unsafe abortions and maternal deaths.

Analysis

According to the Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India. Around 2.56 crore couples are unable to access contraceptive services. This leads to loss of 6.9 lakh sterilization services and 9.7 lakh IUCD (Intra Uterine Contraceptive Devices).

Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India

It is an NGO that is working since 2009. It is a part of the Marine Stopes International, which is an organization that provides personalized abortion services and contraception. The organization is spread across 37 countries.

Focus on COVID-19 increases Malaria, HIV and TB

Apart from its impacts on family planning, COVID-19 has also affected the treatment of malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV. According to a study, the HIV projections could increase by 10%, malaria can increase upto 20% and Tuberculosis related deaths could increase by 20%.

The study was conducted by Geneva based body “Stop TB”.

Facts Box: Delimitation Commission set up for Arunachal, Manipur, Assam, J&K, Manipur

A Delimitation Commission was formed under former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai.

Highlights

The Delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir is to be carried out according to Jammu and Kashmir reorganization act. The previous delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir was done in 1995. The state was under President’s rule when the last delimitation was done.

For other parts of the country, delimitation is to be done based on the census 2031. The previous delimitation for rest of India was done based on 2001.

Legislation

The delimitation commission was formed under Section 3 of Delimitation Act, 2002. So far, 4 such delimitation commissions have been constituted under the act. They were in 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002.

What is Delimitation?

Delimitation is the process of fixing boundaries of constituency. The Delimitation had been suspended between 1976 and 2001. This was because GoI was implementing the policy of family planning in a full-fledged way during this period.