FAO Current Affairs - 2020

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Massive Locust Invasion in Gujarat

The farmlands in Gujarat border are in great threat from locust invasion. The insects were flying from Pakistan Sindh province and spread in the villages of Gujarat and Rajasthan. The locusts emerged from Sudan and Eritrea in the coast of Red Sea.

The invasion of the locust was alerted from UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The trajectory of the swarms was tracked and the invasion was also predicted by Locust Warning Organization (LWO) in Jodhpur. However, precautionary measures were not taken.

FAO

The FAO operates the DLIS (Desert Locust Information Service) headquartered in Rome, Italy. It monitors desert locusts all over the world. It maintains historical locust archives dating back to 1930s. Also, it provides training and prepares publications on various aspects all over the world. The service provides information about the locust situation and gives timely warnings to countries that are at risks of invasion.

According to FAO, an average swarm destroys crops that can feed 2,500 people per year.

India’s measures

Indian Government in 1939 established Locust Warning Organization (LWO). It operates under ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research). The headquarters of the organization is located in Jodhpur. The LWO monitors 2 lakh square kilometres of desert area in parts of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Haryana.

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15 December: International Tea Day

International Tea Day is observed every year on 16 December since 2005. The day is celebrated in tea producing nations such as India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Vietnam, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi and Malaysia.

About International Tea Day

Objective: To draw global attention of governments and citizens to impact of global tea trade on workers and growers as well as requests for price supports and fair trade.

Background: International Tea Day celebrations and related Global Tea Conferences are jointly organized by trade union movements. The first International Tea Day was celebrated in New Delhi in 2005, with later celebrations being organized in Sri Lanka in 2006 and 2008.

May 21: Now International Tea Day

In October 2015, Indian government moved a proposal at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Intergovernmental Group (IGG) on Tea expanding the observance of International Tea Day through UN FAO. Thereby, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has now accepted India’s proposal and designated May 21 as International Tea Day. The month of May was selected as it’s the quality tea manufacturing season in most tea producing countries.

UNGA has invited all Members and observers of UN, organisations of UN system, other international/ regional organisations and other relevant stakeholders, including civil society, private sector and academia, to observe International Tea Day in an appropriate manner, so as to ensure rural development and sustainable livelihoods.

Significance: This move could provide much-needed push to create awareness for tea consumption.  Also as per UNGA, the observance of an International Tea Day will not only promote and foster collective actions to implement activities in favour of sustainable production and consumption of tea but will also raise awareness of its importance in fighting hunger and poverty.

What FAO IGG on Tea?

It is a forum for intergovernmental consultation and exchange on trends in tea’s trade/ prices/ production/ consumption, including regular appraisal of global market situation. ICG under FAO auspices, considers changes in national policies and examines their international effects in relation to current and prospective market situation.

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