FAO Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The Union Cabinet has approved MoU between Ministry of Rural Development and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) to improve effectiveness of rural development programmes in country.
The Inter-Governmental MoU on Joint Technical and South-South Cooperation will provide for collaboration on activities of common interest to support an integrated approach to rural poverty reduction through activities. These activities will aim to promote economic empowerment of rural women, access of rural poor to natural resources.
- The MoU aims to improve effectiveness of rural development programmes in India and facilitate knowledge sharing by exchange of visits and dialogue for knowledge and experience sharing.
- It will facilitate South-South cooperation mechanisms around Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)’s experience.
- It will strengthen vertical upscaling of livelihoods of rural populations supported by DAY-NRLM, develop inclusive and sustainable value chains for key crops and agro-industrial products.
- It will also facilitate employment diversification, skills development for rural youth, strengthen social protection, risk management mechanisms.
- It will also provide collaboration to support an integrated approach to rural poverty reduction through activities aimed to promote economic empowerment of rural women, access of rural poor to natural resources and their sustainable use and social protection.
About Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY -NRLM)
- DAY-NRLM is a flagship rural poverty reduction program of Union Ministry of Rural Development.
- It launched with an objective of social mobilization, financial inclusion and sustainable livelihoods promotion.
- It aims at creating effective and efficient institutional platforms for rural poor by increasing household income through sustainable livelihood enhancements and improving access to financial services.
- One of its major focus areas is promotion of existing livelihood portfolios of the rural poor in farm and non-farm sectors.
The 68th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has declared year 2016 as the International Year of Pulses (IYP).
It was launched under the slogan ‘nutritious seeds for a sustainable future’. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of UN has been nominated to facilitate the implementation of the Year in collaboration with all stakeholders.
Aim of IYP 2016
- To increase the public awareness about the nutritional protein power and health benefits of pulses as part of sustainable food production aimed towards food security and nutrition.
- To boost their production and trade and encourage new and smarter uses throughout the food chain.
Some facts about Pulses
- Pulses crops are major source of plant-based proteins and amino acids in a vegetarian diet and greatly benefit people’s health.
- Being leguminous plant, they impact the environment positively due to their nitrogen-fixing properties, which increase soil fertility. So they are mainly grown on rotational basis with other crops.
- They are important food crops for the food security of large proportions of populations, particularly in Latin America, Africa and Asia as it is part of their traditional diets.
- They are often grown by small farmers and thus offer a great potential to lift farmers out of rural poverty.
- India is largest producer and as well consumer of pulses in India. Major pulses grown in India are tur (arhar), urad, moong, masur, peas and gram.
Thus, pulses can significantly contribute in addressing hunger, food security, malnutrition, environmental challenges and human health.