FDI Current Affairs - 2019

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Technology Summit, 2019

The 25th Technology Summit is a bilateral platform that provides opportunities to industries, government agencies and institutes from India and other countries to interact with each other. In 2017, Canada participated in the Summit and in 2018 it was Italy. This year Netherlands has been invited. The summit acts as a forum to forge partnerships, explore new avenues and to create joint ventures to explore new avenues of collaborations to boost trade and investment. The summit is to be held in New Delhi between 15 and 16 October, 2019. It is being organised by Ministry of Science and Technology.

Next year, India has planned to take the summit globally. It intends to invite participants from different countries.

Theme: Young entrepreneurship

The 2019 India – Netherlands technology summit is being organized by DST and CII, DST-Department of Science and Technology and CII-Confederation of India Industry.

Objectives

  • To profile the Netherlands–India technologies
  • Showcase opportunities for Netherlands and India on technology and scientific research across key areas, especially in the fields of water, agriculture and Health
  • To increase the visibility of Dutch and Indian entrepreneurial ecosystem.
  • To highlight the cooperation between India and Netherlands.

Significance in choosing Netherlands

The bilateral research cooperation between India and Netherlands in fields like Internet of Things, medical devices, big data, urban water system would be enhanced through the summit. There are great scopes for closer partnership between the countries to leverage emerging digital technologies.

Investment

According to the Ministry of External Affairs, there are over 200 Indian companies operating in Netherlands. It is the third largest investor in India in 2017 – 18 with investments valued at 2.67 billion USD. The top 5 sectors that are attracting FDI equity flows from Netherlands include computer, hardware, software, automobile industry, trading and fermentation industries.

Trade

The bilateral trade between India and Netherlands between April 2017 and March 2018 was around 6.28 billion USD. Netherlands is the fourth largest trading partner of India after EU, UK, Germany and Belgium.

Indian Diaspora

There are around 2,35,000 Indian living in Netherlands. Of which, 2 lakh are Suriname-Hindustani community that are well integrated to the Dutch society. Apart from this there are 3,000 Indian students pursuing their masters, bachelors and research courses in various universities in Netherlands.

Outcomes of the summit

  • The Indian and the Netherlands governments are to sign MoUs based on the summit and the requirements identified by it.
  • New public-private partnerships between India and Netherlands
  • New opportunities for fast tracked market entry for existing Dutch and Indian stakeholders.
  • Solutions for societal challenges
  • Deepening the ties between India and Netherlands in multiple verticals of knowledge.

World Investment Report 2019: UNCTAD

According to the World Investment Report 2019, released by United Nation Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows to India grew by 6% to USD 42 billion in 2018. India was ranked among the top 20 host economies for FDI inflows in 2017-18.

Key Findings of Report

FDI to India: It grew by 6% to $42 billion in 2018 saw strong inflows in manufacturing, financial services sectors, communication and cross-border merger and acquisition activities.

FDI inflow to South Asia: It increased 3.5% to $54 billion dollars. It highlighted that the prospects for FDI inflows into South Asia are largely determined by expectations of growing investment into India. India has historically accounted for 70% to 80% of inflows that came to the South Asian region. Among other countries in South Asian region, FDI flows to Sri Lanka and Bangladesh rose to record level, to $1.6 billion and $3.6 billion respectively, but Pakistan witnessed a 27% decline in investment to $2.4 billion.

About UNCTAD

It was established in 1964 for integrated treatment of trade and development and related issues in areas of investment, finance, technology, enterprise development and sustainable development. It is organ of UN General Assembly (UNGA). There are 195 members in UNCTAD. Its mandate is to maximize trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries and assist them in their efforts towards integrating into world economy on an equitable basis without any bias.