Finland Current Affairs

World Happiness Index 2018: India ranks 133

India was ranked 133rd among 156 countries inWorld Happiness Index 2018, recently released by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network.

The index ranked 156 countries based on factors (parmaters) such as inequality, life expectancy, GDP per capita, social freedom, generosity, public trust (i.e. a lack of corruption in government and business) and social support. Together these parameters are used to generate a happiness score of country on a scale from 1 to 10. This year it is sixth such list released since it was first published in 2012. The 2018 report, for the first time ranked happiness of foreign-born immigrants in 117 countries.

Key Facts

10 Happiest Countries: Finland (1st), Norway (2nd), Denmark (3rd), Iceland (4th), Switzerland (5th), Netherlands (6th), Canada (7th), New Zealand (8th), Sweden (9th) and Australia (10th). United States was ranked 18th down from 14th place last year. Britain was 19th and United Arab Emirates at 20th. In 2018 rankings, top-10, as ever dominated by Nordic countries.

The entire top ten were wealthier developed nations. But the report mentioned that money is not the only ingredient in the recipe for happiness. The entire top ten were wealthier developed nations. But the report mentioned that money is not the only ingredient in the recipe for happiness.

India’s ranking: The world’s largest democracy’s rank fell to 133rd position from 122nd last year. India was behind majority of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) nations apart from war-ravaged Afghanistan, which was ranked 145th. Pakistan (ranked 75th) and China (86th) were well ahead of India in happiness index despite being not the most democratic or free country.

SAARC nations: Pakistan (75th), Nepal (101st), Bhutan (97th), Bangladesh (115th), Sri Lanka (116th).

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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US Bioengineer Frances Arnold becomes first woman to win Millennium Technology Prize

Bioengineer Frances Arnold from United States (US) has won the prestigious 2016 Millennium Technology Prize.

With this she becomes first female to be awarded with this prestigious biennial award in its 12-year history.

The Technology Academy Finland (TAF) had chosen Frances Arnold for this award in recognition of her discoveries that launched the field of directed evolution. Her discoveries mimic natural evolution to create new and better proteins in the laboratory.

About Frances Arnold

  • Frances Hamilton Arnold is an internationally recognized scientist, engineer and innovator from US.
  • She had obtained her BS degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering from Princeton University in 1979.
  • She had earned her PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley.
  • As a scientist she had pioneered methods of directed evolution to create useful biological systems including metabolic pathways, enzymes, genetic regulatory circuits and organisms.
  • Awards and Honours: Her scientific work has been recognized by many award including Draper Prize (2011) and National Medal of Technology and Innovation (2013).

About Millennium Technology Prize

  • The Millennium Technology Prize is one of the world’s largest technology awards. It seeks to promote technological research and Finland as a high-tech Nordic welfare state.
  • It was inaugurated in 2004 by Technology Academy Finland (TAF), an independent fund established in partnership of Finnish state and Finnish industry.
  • It is awarded biennially and the prize is presented by the President of Finland.

Month: Categories: Awards Current Affairs 2018Persons in News 2018Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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