Fish Current Affairs - 2020

Arunachal Pradesh: New Fish Species Discovered

A new fish species called Schizothorax sikusirumensis has been discovered in Arunachal Pradesh.

Highlights

The name of the species has been derived from the names of the rivers where the fish was found. They are River Sirum and River Siku.

Schizothorax

The Schizothorax fish is found in western and southern China, Centra and Southern Asia. They are mainly found in lakes, streams, rivers and highland. There are more than 65 species that are recognized under this genus.

Fresh water fish

The Fresh water fish are those that spend their life in water that has salinity less than 1.05%. Around 41.24% of the fishes known are fresh water fishes. The freshwater fishes are further classified as cold water, warm water and cool water fishes.

Salt water fish

They are also called marine fish. The fishes that live in estuaries are also categorized as salt water fish. Estuaries are areas where the rivers and oceans meet.

New Fresh water fish “Punitus Sanctus” found

A new fresh water fish called Punitus Sanctus was found in Velankanni, Tamil Nadu. The fish was found in a small water body.

Highlights

Sanctus means ‘holy’ in Latin. Punitus is a species of fish that are commonly found in the drains of western and eastern ghats and also in Eastern Himalayas.

About the Genus

The Genus Punitus is locally known as Kende in Tamil Nadu and Paral in Kerala. The Punitus belongs to the family of Cyprindae. Cyprindae is a family of fresh water fish. They are collectively called Cyprinids. The family includes barbs, goldfish, bitterlings and carps.

About Punitus sanctus

The fish was silver in colour. It grows to a maximum length of 7 cm. It has an extended mouth and hence is different from other species of the Punitus. The new fish found has now been deposited in the Zoological Survey of India.

Zoological Survey of India

The survey is conducted by the ministry of environment, forest and climate change. It was established in 1916. The survey is conducted to deepen the knowledge about the faunal diversity in the country.